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Uppdaterad beräkning av transportkostnader för företag i norra Sverige
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Updated calculation of transport costs for firms in Northern Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Transportbidraget kompenserar företag i 44 kommuner i Västernorrlands, Jämtlands, Västerbottens och Norrbottens län för nackdelar som det geografiska läget medför när det gäller transportkostnader. År 2006 beräknade SIKA hur mycket 2001 års kostnader för in- respektive uttransporter av högvärdiga varor och metall, för dessa företag, skiljer sig från riksgenomsnittet. Resultaten användes som underlag för att fastställa ”bidragssatser” för att reducera företagens merkostnader för långväga transporter. Syftet med VTI:s studie 2014 var att genomföra motsvarande transportkostnadsberäkningar baserade på nyare kostnadsdata från år 2006 och 2012. I båda studierna har beräkningarna gjorts med den officiella nationella godstransportmodellen, Samgods. Beräkningarna har gjorts för de stödberättigade varugrupperna Obearbetat material eller halvfabrikat av järn eller metall, och Högvärdiga varor, Sågade och hyvlade trävaror, Andra kemikalier än kolbaserade och tjära samt för summan av dessa varugrupper. Med en viktad ansats beror de beräknade transportkostnaderna i mycket hög grad på flödena mellan avsändarkommuner och deras respektive destinationszoner. Ett generellt mönster är dock att kostnaderna ökar med avstånden till södra eller mellersta Sverige, förutsatt att viktning sker med avseende på Sverige. Beräknade kostnadsförändringar mellan år 2006 och 2012 uppvisar ett relativt tydligt mönster för de olika kommunerna då den viktade ansatsen används. Både för in- och uttransporter bedöms företagen inom stödområdet generellt haft en högre normaliserad kostnad 2012 jämfört med 2006 då alla stödberättigade varugrupper inkluderas i beräkningarna.

Abstract [en]

The transport grant (Transportbidrag) is designed to compensate companies in the Northern part of Sweden for the higher transport costs that are caused by a disadvantageous geographic location. A total of 44 municipalities in the counties of Västernorrland, Jämtland, Västerbotten and Norrbotten are eligible for the grant. In 2006 the Swedish Institute for Communication Analysis SIKA estimated how the transport costs, for inbound and outbound transports of high-value goods and metal products, differ for firms in the four counties in the upper North from the national average. The transport costs were computed from data for 2001. The results from SIKA’s study have been used as a basis for determining the "grant rates" to reduce firms’ additional costs for long distance transports. The purpose of VTI:s study 2014 is to estimate the corresponding transport cost based on more recent data, from 2006 and 2012. In both studies, calculations have been carried out using the official Swedish national freight transport model, Samgods. The calculations were carried out for the eligible commodity groups: Unprocessed material or semi-finished products of iron or metal, High-value products, Sawn and planed timber, Chemicals other than coal and tar, as well as the sum of these commodity groups. With the weighted approach the computed costs depends heavily on the flows (weights) between sending and receiving municipalities for the different commodities A general pattern is that the transport costs increase with the distance to the south or central Sweden, provided that the weighting is done with respect to Sweden. Estimated transport cost changes between 2006 and 2012 show relatively clear patterns when the weighted approach is used (with respect to domestic transports). According to the calculations the firms in the four Northern counties are estimated to have higher normalized costs in 2012 compared to 2006 when all the eligible commodities are included. This is true both for inbound and outbound transports. However, when considering individual eligible commodity groups, results become less unambiguous.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2014. , 38 p.
Series
VTI notat, 24-2014
Keyword [en]
Subsidy, Region, Cost, Calculation, Freight transport
National Category
Economics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics; 10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 12 Road: Freight transport; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J13 Railway: Economics; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J05 Railway: Freight transport
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6934OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-6934DiVA: diva2:734358
Available from: 2014-07-16 Created: 2014-07-16 Last updated: 2016-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Vierth, IngeKarlsson, Rune

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CiteExportLink to record
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