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Arbetsterapeutiska åtgärder som främjar delaktighet i dagliga aktiviteter hos personer med demenssjukdom
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Andelen äldre i samhället har ökat och därmed har även förekomsten av demenssjukdomar tilltagit. Aktivitet är av stor betydelse för personer med demenssjukdom, dock påverkar sjukdomen ofta individens aktivitetsförmåga och det kan bli svårt att utföra dagliga aktiviteter. Syftet med studien var därför att kartlägga och beskriva arbetsterapeutiska åtgärder som främjar delaktighet i dagliga aktiviteter hos personer med demenssjukdom. En litteraturstudie genomfördes, och datainsamlingen skedde både genom en systematisk sökning i databaser och genom sekundär sökning. Sammanlagt inkluderades 14 vetenskapliga artiklar i studien. En latent innehållsanalys genomfördes, och meningsbärande enheter i samtliga artiklar identifierades. Mönster i den insamlade datan kunde därmed urskiljas och analyseras. Resultatet presenterar förbättrande och kompenserade arbetsterapeutiska interventioner genom anpassning av aktivitet och miljö, samt kognitiv träning. Individanpassning av aktivitet efter intresse och funktion, anpassning av den fysiska miljön, samt handledning av vårdpersonal och anhöriga, ledde till ökad självständighet och delaktighet i dagliga aktiviteter. Resultatet har påvisat att arbetsterapeutiska åtgärder har goda möjligheter att öka upplevelsen av delaktighet i dagliga aktiviteters hos personer med en demenssjukdom.

Abstract [en]

The number of older people in society is increasing, and along with it so is the prevalence of dementia. Activity is of great importance for people with dementia, but the disease has negative effects on the ability to perform everyday occupations. The purpose of this study was therefore to describe occupational therapy interventions that promote participation in daily activities in persons with dementia. Data was collected through a systematic search using five databases, and through a manual search. Altogether, 14 articles were included in the study. The data were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis. Patterns were identified and later analyzed. The study proposes compensatory and remedial interventions, such as modifying the physical environment to accommodate the disability, simplifying activities and improving cognitive functioning to facilitate performance in daily activities. By making individualized modifications of the physical environment, coaching caregivers, and adapting activities to personal requirements and interests, people with dementia are given a greater opportunity to be independent and to experience participation in daily activities. This study shows that occupational therapy interventions can have positive effects on persons with dementia and on their possibilities to participate in daily activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Occupational therapy, intervention, individualized activities, modifications of the environment, education.
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsterapi, intervention, individanpassade aktiviteter, miljöanpassning, handledning.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108977ISRN: LIU-ISV/AT-C-14/038–SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-108977DiVA: diva2:734288
Subject / course
Occupational therapy Degree project C-level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-11 Created: 2014-07-16 Last updated: 2014-08-11Bibliographically approved

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Arbetsterapeutiska åtgärder som främjar delaktighet i dagliga aktiviteter hos personer med demenssjukdom(848 kB)1457 downloads
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Department of Social and Welfare StudiesFaculty of Health Sciences
Occupational Therapy

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