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Skattad hanteringsförmåga och hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos närstående till patienter med kronisk hjärtsvikt och stroke: - En jämförande studie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att jämföra skattad hanteringsförmåga och hälsorelateradlivskvalitet hos närstående till personer med kronisk hjärtsvikt och stroke. Ett annat syfte var också att studera om samband fanns mellan hanteringsförmågaoch hälsorelaterad livskvalitet.  Metod: En komparativ och korrelativdesign med kvantitativ ansats användes. För att mäta hanteringsförmåga ochhälsorelaterad livskvalitet användes Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS) och Shortform- 36 (SF- 36). Urvalsgruppen för studien var närstående till patienter med kronisk hjärtsvikt och stroke (n = 46). Resultatet visade att båda närstående grupperna använde mer optimistisk-, självtillit och konfrontativ stil. Närstående till patienter med stroke skattar sitt psykiska välbefinnande högre än närstående till patienter med kronisk hjärtsvikt(p=0,024). Det framkom flera låga och moderata negativa statistiska signifikanta samband mellan hälsorelaterad livskvalitet och hanteringsförmåga. De psykiska skalorna (SF-36) hade fler statistiska samband med coping stilar(JCS) än de fysiska skalorna. Konklusionen visade att närstående till patienter med kronisk hjärtsvikt skattar sin hälsorelaterade livskvalitet lägre på den psykiska välbefinnande än närstående till patienter med stroke.  Generellt var att lägre användning av copingstilar hade mer samband med högre skattad hälsorelaterad livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

The aims of the study were to compare handling ability and health-related quality of life in next of kin to patients with chronic heart failure and stroke, as well as study correlations between handling ability and health-related quality of life. Method: A comparative and correlative design with quantitative approach was used. To measure handling ability and health-related quality Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS) and Short Form-36 (SF-36) were used. The study group was next of kin to patients with chronic heart failure and stroke (n = 46). The results showed that both groups use most optimistic, self- reliant and confrontative coping styles. Next of kin to patients with stroke estimated mental health significantly higher than next of kin to patients with chronic heart failure (p = 0.024). There were several significant negative low-and moderate correlations between health-related quality of life and handling ability. In SF-36, the mental scales were more significantly associated with coping strategies (JCS) than the physical scales. Conclusions: Next of kin to patients with chronic heart failure rated health-related quality of life lower in the scale mental health than next of patients with stroke. Lower use of coping styles were more associated with higher health- related quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
health-related quality of life, handling ability, next of kin, stroke, chronic heart failure
Keyword [sv]
hälsorelaterad livskvalitet, hanteringsförmåga, närstående, stroke, kronisk hjärtsvikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17294Archive number: SpecDistVk14- 04OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17294DiVA: diva2:734282
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Att leva med långvarig ohälsa- hanteringsförmåga/resurser och upplevd livskvalitet
Available from: 2014-07-16 Created: 2014-07-16 Last updated: 2014-07-16Bibliographically approved

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