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Mina tankar eller dina?: psykiskt välbefinnande hos avhoppare från sekter i relation till psykiska övergrepp i rörelsen
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Your thoughts or mine? : psychological well-being among ex-cult members related to psychological abuse in the cult (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att se om psykiskt välbefinnande hos avhoppare från sekter är relaterat till förekomsten av psykiska övergrepp i den rörelse som lämnats samt att undersöka hur avhoppares psykiska välbefinnande ser ut. Deltagare var 57 avhoppare från åtta olika religiösa rörelser i Sverige. De rekryterades huvudsakligen genom hjälporganisationer för avhoppare och deltog genom att svara på frågor via ett nätformulär. Resultaten visade att högre förekomst av psykiska övergrepp, mätt med GPA-skalan, var relaterat till sämre psykiskt välbefinnande, mätt med CORE-OM, vilket var enligt hypotesen. Det fanns däremot inte något samband mellan psykiskt välbefinnande och antalet år i rörelsen eller antalet år sedan avhoppet. Vidare framkom att avhoppare har sämre psykiskt välbefinnande än normalbefolkningen, vilket var enligt hypotesen, där högt riskbeteende var utmärkande. Ett förslag till slutsats är att sämre psykiskt välbefinnande hos avhoppare till stor del orsakas av psykiska övergrepp som förekommit i rörelsen. Vidare indikerar resultaten att vården bör vara observant på riskbeteende hos denna patientgrupp samt att avhoppare skulle vara hjälpta av större kunskap hos vårdpersonal om sektmiljöer.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine if psychological well-being among ex-cult members is related to the extent of psychological abuse in the group, and to investigate the level and characteristics of their psychological well-being. Participants were 57 ex-cult members from eight different Swedish religious groups, who were primarily recruited from organizations for ex-cult members. They participated by answering an internet questionnaire. The results showed that higher levels of psychological abuse, measured with the GPA-scale, was related to lower levels of psychological well-being, measured with the CORE-OM, which supported the hypothesis. On the other hand, no relation was found between psychological well-being and the number of years in the group or the number of years since leaving the group. Furthermore it was found that ex-cult members have a lower level of psychological well-being than the normal population, which was in accordance with the hypothesis, in particular showing an elevated risk behaviour. The suggested conclusion is that low psychological well-being among ex-cult members is to a great extent caused by psychological abuse in the group. The results also indicate that personnel in health care should be aware of risk behaviour among these patients and that ex-cult members would benefit from better insight in cult environments by personnel in health care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
cult, ex-cult members, psychological abuse, GPA-scale, psychological well-being, manipulation, indoctrination, mind control, religion, new religious movements
Keyword [sv]
sekt, avhoppare, psykiska övergrepp, Group Psychological Abuse, GPA-skalan, psykiskt välbefinnande, manipulation, indoktrinering, mind control, religion, nyandliga rörelser
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-12377OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-12377DiVA: diva2:733329
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-07-09 Created: 2014-07-09 Last updated: 2014-07-09Bibliographically approved

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