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Budget som styrmedel: Ett stöd eller en belastning?
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:    Ekonomistyrningen omfattar planering och uppföljning av ekonomiska mål och mått, samt påverkan på en verksamhet och dess personal genom beslut och handling. Styrmedel behövs för att fullgöra ekonomistyrningens funktioner och uppnå företagets uppsatta mål. Budget är ett av de vanligaste styrsystemen inom de formella styrmedlen. I dagsläget är debatten om budgetering intensiv och det råder oenigheter om budgeten i själva verket är ett bra verktyg eller ett onödig ont.

 

Syfte:     Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilken betydelse budgeten har som styrmedel i det valda fallföretaget. Vidare vill vi ta reda på om de driftsansvariga på Burger King upplever budgeten som ett stöd eller en belastning.

 

Metod:   En kvalitativ undersökningsmetodik och ett deduktivt angreppssätt har använts i  uppsatsen. Uppsatsens primärdata har samlats in via semistrukturerade   intervjuer  med det valda fallföretaget.    

Resultat & Slutsats   Efter genomförd undersökning framkom det att syftet med budgeten skiljer sig  åt i de tre fallföretagen. I de större företagen utgjorde ansvarsstyrning det  främsta syftet med budgeten medan budget som planeringsverktyg ansågs vara  viktigare i den mindre organsationen. Samtliga respondenter upplever budgeten mer som ett stöd än en belastning och är överens om att det nästintill hade varit omöjligt att styra verksamheten lönsamt utan budgeten av den orsaken att  Burger King är en komplex organisation präglad av standardisering och små vinstmarginaler.

Abstract [en]

Background: Financial reporting includes planning and monitoring of financial goals and metrics and  it has an impact on a business and its staff by decisions and actions. Management control measures are required to fulfill the functions of financial reporting and to achieve company goals. Budget is one of the most common management control systems within the formal control means. Currently, the debate about budgeting is intense and there is a disagreement on whether the budget in reality is a useful tool or  an unnecessary evil.

Purpose:   The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact that the budget has as a management control measure in the selected case company.  Furthermore we want to find out if the operation managers at Burger King experience the budget as a support or a burden.

 

Method:   A qualitative research methodology and a deductive approach were used in the essay. The primary data in the essay was collected through semi-structured interviews from the selected case company.    

 

Result & Conclusion The completed research has shown that the purpose of the budget differ in the three  case companies. In the two larger companies the main purpose of the budget was  responsibility management while budget used as a planning tool was considered to be more important in the smaller company. All the respondents are experiencing budget  more as a support than a burden and agree that it would almost be impossible to manage the business profitably without the budget because Burger King is a complex organization characterized by standardization and low profit margins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 61 p.
Keyword [en]
Budget, control system, budget process, purpose of the budget, management control measure
Keyword [sv]
Budget, styrmedel, budgetprocess, budgetens syfte, ekonomistyrning
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-36004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-36004DiVA: diva2:733283
Educational program
Business Administration and Economics Programme, 240 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-04 Created: 2014-07-08 Last updated: 2014-08-04Bibliographically approved

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