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Det ätstörda samhället och det sociala arbetet: En kvalitativ studie om ätstörningar ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Social work and socio-cultural perspectives on eating disorders (English)
Abstract [en]

The main domain in which eating disorders are defined is medical, whereas socio-cultural perspectives are less common. Because social workers seeks to explain different problems taking societal factors into account, we asked ourselves if social workers have a way of understanding eating disorders, that is different from a medical point of view. Two focus group interviews were conducted; the one composed by social workers with experience of working with eating disorders, and the other by social workers without that experience, which enabled comparisons. The interviews were analyzed using socio-cultural and feminist perspectives. The result showed that the social workers use socio-cultural perspectives in explaining eating disorders. Both groups also emphasized the medical perspective, but the first group where less willing than the other to depart from this perspective. The conclusion were made that the social workers having experience of working with eating disorders are more into the medical discourse than are the ones without this experience.

Abstract [sv]

Ätstörningar tolkas företrädesvis utifrån ett medicinskt perspektiv, medan förklaringar med utgångspunkt i perspektiv som betonar samhälleliga och kulturella orsaker är mindre vanliga. Eftersom sociokulturella faktorer, inom det sociala arbetets disciplin, är en central referenspunkt till de förklaringar som söks till olika problem, frågade vi oss om socionomer har ett annat sätt att se på ätstörningar, som skiljer sig från ett medicinskt synsätt. Två fokusgruppintervjuer genomfördes med socionomer med respektive utan erfarenhet av arbete med ätstörningar. På så sätt kunde jämförelser mellan grupperna göras. Materialet analyserades med hjälp av sociokulturella och feministiska perspektiv. Resultatet visade att socionomerna har en syn på ätstörningar som inkluderar sociokulturella faktorer. Även det medicinska perspektivet framhölls av båda grupperna, men gruppen med erfarenhet av arbete med ätstörningar var mindre benägen att frångå detta perspektiv. Av detta drogs slutsatsen att socionomerna som arbetar med ätstörningar är mer influerade av det medicinska synsättet än socionomerna utan denna erfarenhet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 54 p.
Keyword [en]
Eating disorders, social work, society, socio-cultural perspective, feminist theory
Keyword [sv]
Ätstörningar, socialt arbete, samhälle, sociokulturellt perspektiv, feministisk teori
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17235Archive number: SGSOK-2014-20OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17235DiVA: diva2:732371
Subject / course
Social work
Educational program
Social work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-13 Created: 2014-07-02 Last updated: 2014-08-13Bibliographically approved

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