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Why Non-Pharmacological Prescribing of Antibiotics?: A Phenomenological Investigation into the Rationale behind it from the GP’s perspective
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2005 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesisAlternative title
Varför ”icke-farmakologisk förskrivning av antibiotika?” : Fenomenologisk undersökning av allmänläkares attityder och åsikter (English)
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Concern has increased worldwide with regard to the over-prescribing of antibiotics, as well as the fact that more bacteria strains are developing resistance to antibiotics. According to research, a great deal of this use is for what has been called “non-pharmacological” reasons. The reduction of unnecessary antibiotic use and exploration of the reasons for ”irrational prescribing” has become a public health priority.

OBJECTIVE: To study the reasons cited by Icelandic general practitioners for their “non-pharmacological” prescribing of antibiotics.

DESIGN: A qualitative interview-study with research dialogues guided by the Vancouver School of doing phenomenology.

SETTING: General practice. PARTICIPANTS: 16 general practitioners: 11 in the maximum variety sample and 5 in the theoretical sample. RESULTS: The most important reasons for prescribing antibiotics in situations with low pharmacological indications (non-pharmacological prescribing) were an unstable doctor-patient relationship due to lack of continuity of care, patient pressure in a stress-loaded society, the doctor’s personal characteristics, particularly zeal and readiness to serve, and finally, the insecurity and uncertainty of the doctor who falls back upon the prescription as a coping strategy in a difficult situation.

CONCLUSION:The causes of non-pharmacological prescribing of antibiotics are highly varied, and relational factors in the interplay between the doctor and the patient are often a key factor. Therefore, it is of great importance for the general practitioner to know the patient and to become better equipped to resist patient pressure, in order to avoid the need to use the prescription as a coping strategy. Continuity of medical care and a stable doctor-patient relationship may be seen as the core concepts in this study and the most important task for the GPs is to promote the patients’ trust.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , 51 p.
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; MPH 2005:6
Keyword [en]
General Practitioners, Antibiotics, Prescription Habits, Non- Pharm Acological Prescribing, Qualitative Research, Phenom Enology, Coping
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3275OAI: diva2:732274
2005-01-26, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, Box 12133, 402 42 Göteborg, Sweden, 13:00 (English)

ISBN 91-7997-091-5

Available from: 2014-07-07 Created: 2014-07-03 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved

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