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"–mellom døden som befrielse og drømmen om et liv": Personlige narrativer om noen opiatavhengige menns selvmordsadferd
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2005 (Norwegian)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesisAlternative title
“ –Between death as a solution and dreaming of a life” : Personal narratives on suicide behaviour in some males with drug addiction (English)
Abstract [no]

Studiens mål er å belyse deltakernes erfaringer med selvmordsadferd og tolke fortellingenemed henblikk på mening. De spørsmål studien forsøker å besvare er hvordan mening ogkommunikasjon i relasjon til selvmordsadferden konstrueres og hvilken funksjonfortellingen har for fortelleren. Åpne dybdeintervjuer ble brukt for å samle data. Enfenomenologisk-hermeneutisk tilnærming basert på Ricoeurs filosofi, kombinert medLabovs struktur av personlige narrativer ble brukt for å tolke data.Studien antyder at selvmordsadferden hos deltakerne er et resultat av sammensatte prosessermellom personen, gruppen og samfunnet. Analysen av narrativene resulterte i 26 koder, somble abstrahert til seks sub-kategorier og tre kategorier. Kategoriene var: 1) Meningen med åbli bekreftet og ha tilhørighet, 2) Meningen med å ønske endring av livsbetingelsene og 3)Meningen med å velge mellom mulige løsninger. En tolket helhet formet tema ”Mellomdøden som befrielse og drømmen om et liv”.Selvmordsadferden fremstår hovedsakelig som en kommunikativ handling om personensemosjonelle relasjon til seg selv. Hvordan mannlighet konstrueres har hatt betydning forselvmordsadferden, særlig i relasjon til farsfiguren. Deltakernes egne ressurser i livet harvært knyttet til naturen, gudsfiguren, daglige normalaktiviteter og vennskap. Ikke-dømmende holdninger hos hjelpepersonell og lett tilgang til akutt psykososial omsorg erviktige elementer i et forebyggende folkehelseperspektiv

Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to illuminate the experiences of suicidal behaviour in someNorwegian males with long-term drug addiction, and interpret their personal narratives inregards of meaning and communication. Open-ended, in-depth interviews were chosen forcollecting data. A phenomenological-hermeneutic approach, based on the ideas of Ricoeurin combination with Labovs structural perspective on personal narratives was used toanalyse the data.This study suggests that the suicidal behaviour is a result of a complex interrelationshipbetween the person himself, the group he is a part of and the society at large. Analysis of thepersonal narratives resulted in six sub-categories. Three main categories were identified: 1)The meaning of being confirmed and attached, 2) The meaning of wishing changes in lifecircumstances and 3) The meaning of choosing between possible solutions”. The analysis asa whole formed a theme: “Between death as a solution and dreaming of a life”.The suicidal behaviour can be viewed as a speech about the individuals’s emotional relationto themselves. How masculinity is constructed has had a great impact on the participant’ssuicidal behaviour, specially their relationship with their father. The participants ownrecourses in life have been associated with a sense of coherence. Non-judgemental attitudesin professional helpers and easy access to acute psychosocial care are of importance from apreventing public health perspective

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , 59 p.
Series
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; MPH 2005:1
Keyword [en]
Social Constructivism, Hermeneutics, Masculinity, Communication
Keyword [no]
Sosial konstruktivisme, hermeneutikk, maskulinitet, kommunikasjon
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3271OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3271DiVA: diva2:732216
Presentation
2005-01-26, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, P.O. Box 12133,, SE-402 42 Götebor, sweden, 13:00 (Norwegian)
Supervisors
Note

ISBN 91-7997-084-2

Available from: 2014-07-03 Created: 2014-07-03 Last updated: 2014-07-08Bibliographically approved

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