Effekter av kolhydraträkning vid diabetesdebut hos barn och ungdomar: En registerstudie
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Aims and objectives. To examine whether an intervention with carbohydrate- counting at onset of type 1 diabetes in children, has had any effect on metabolic indicators such as HbA1c , BMI-sds and total daily insulin / kg, 2 months and 1 year after onset by age and gender .Background. The pediatric department at the university hospital of Norrland in Umeå (NUS), has since several years a higher average HbA1c among children 0-17 years, compare with pediatric departments in the rest of Sweden. Therefore, in autumn 2011, an intervention was made to teach children with diabetes and their parents to count carbohydrates from the onset of diabetes. Using this method they can regulate their insulin doses depending on the amount of carbohydrates they are eating.
Design. This is an empirical registry study done on the basis of a quantitative method. It is retrospective controlled non- randomized with comparison group .Methods. The study included 46 children aged 0-17 years diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Those who fell ill in 2009 (n=22) did not learn to use carbohydrate counting and served as a control group. The intervention group were diagnosed 2011-2012, (n=24), began using carbohydrate counting at the onset of diabetes.Results. The study shows with significant security that carbohydrate counting lowers HbA1c two months and one year after onset of type 1 diabetes. No significant difference was found in BMI-sds. The study shows no significant difference in HbA1c between the sexes.Conclusion. Carbohydrate-counting from onset of diabetes gives a significant reduction of HbA1c without affecting BMI-sds significantly.Relevance to clinical practice. It is important that health professionals continue to teach and support families in carbohydrate counting from the onset of diabetes.Keywords. children, HbA1c, BMI- sds , type 1 diabetes , carbohydrate counting
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 22 p.
children, HbA1c, BMI- sds, type 1 diabetes, carbohydrate counting
barn, HbA1c, BMI-sds, typ 1 diabetes, kolhydraträkning
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-90934OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-90934DiVA: diva2:732193
2014-06-03, Umeå, 13:42 (Swedish)
Karlsson, Stig, Professor