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Arbetsmotivation vid komplexa och icke-komplexa arbetsuppgifter
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna uppsats var att fastställa om och hur arbetsuppgifternas komplexitetsgrad påverkar vad de anställda motiveras utav. Vidare undersöktes vilka preferenser de anställda med arbetsuppgifter av olika komplexitetsgrad hade gällande icke-monetära belöningar. Det studerades även till vilken grad cheferna var medvetna om deras anställdas preferenser. Utifrån det teoretiska perspektivet ska de anställda med komplexa arbetsuppgifter motiveras utav inre faktorer såsom beröm, utveckling och ökad självständighet. Anställda med icke-komplexa arbetsuppgifter ska då påverkas utav yttre faktorer som lön och spontana materiella belöningar. Studien genomfördes på två fallföretag med en population utav 60 anställda med icke-komplexa arbetsuppgifter samt 30 anställda med komplexa arbetsuppgifter med en svarsfrekvensen på 57%. Resultatet bekräftar att personer med komplexa arbetsuppgifter upplever inre motivation samt att personer med icke-komplexa arbetsuppgifter upplever yttre motivation. Det är snarare tillgången till en viss typ av motivation än själva arbetsuppgiftens komplexitetsgrad som avgör vad anställda motiveras av.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to determine whether and how the level of complexity within work task affects what employees are motivated by. Moreover, was the purpose to investigate what preferences the employees with different level of complexity in their work task had regarding non-monetary rewards. The degree to which the executives were aware of their employees preferences regarding non-monetary rewards was also examined. Based on theoretical perspectives should the employees with complex work tasks be motivated by intrinsic factors such as praise, growth and increased autonomy. The employees with non-complex work task should be affected by extrinsic factors such as salary and spontaneous material rewards. The study was carried out on two case companies with a population of 60 employees with non-complex work tasks and 30 employees with complex work tasks with a response rate of 57%. The results of this study confirm that people with complex work tasks experience intrinsic motivation whereas those with non-complex work tasks experience extrinsic motivation. The result concludes that it is the access to a certain kind of motivation rather than the complexity of work task which determines what the employee is motivated by.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 83 p.
Keyword [en]
reward system, non-monetary rewards, monetary rewards, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, two-factor theory, Self-determination theory, Job Characteristic Model, work motivation.
Keyword [sv]
belöningssystem, icke-monetära belöningar, monetära belöningar, inre motivation, yttre motivation, tvåfaktorteori, Self-determination theory, Job Characteristics Model, arbetsmotivation.
National Category
Business Administration
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-35864OAI: diva2:731562
Subject / course
Business Administration - Management Accounting
Available from: 2014-08-05 Created: 2014-07-01 Last updated: 2014-08-05Bibliographically approved

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