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Thermo-economic Analysis of Retrofitting an Existing Coal-Fired Power Plant with Solar Heat
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

At a time when global environmental change is posing a growing challenge to the world’s economy and creating uncertainties to livelihood of its inhabitants, Coal thermal power plants are under pressure to meet stringent environmental regulations into achieving worldwide set millennial goals for mitigating the effect of emission gases on the atmosphere. Owing to its abundance, it is unlikely to see the use of coal completely missing from the global energy mix within the next hundred years to come. While innovative emission reduction technologies are evolving for the better, trendy technological solutions which require reintegration of these coal plants with alternative greener fuels are growing at the moment.

Among these solutions, the following paper investigates possible means for repowering a coal steam power plant with indirect solar heating solutions to boost its annual outputs. Two widely deployable solar thermal technologies, parabolic trough and Central tower receiver systems, are introduced at different locations in the steam plant to heat working fluid thereby enhancing the thermodynamic quality of steam being generated. Potential annual energy output was estimated using commercially available TRNSYS software upon mass and heat balance to every component of solar and steam plant. The annual energy outputs are weighed against their plant erecting and running costs to evaluate the economic vitality of the proposed repowering options.

The results show that parabolic trough heating method could serve as the most cost effective method generating electricity at competitive prices than solar only powered SEGS plants. While cost may be acceptable in the unit of energy sense, the scale of implementation has been proven to be technically limited. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 104 p.
Keyword [en]
Hybrid, coal power plant, solar thermal system, Thermo-economic analysis
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17216OAI: diva2:731421
Kriel Power Plant
Available from: 2014-07-02 Created: 2014-07-01 Last updated: 2014-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Gavle Thesis Report_Surafel-Shimeles(3246 kB)716 downloads
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Shimeles, Surafel
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Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering
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