Open or closed meetings? Explaining nonstate actor involvement in the international climate change negotiations
2016 (English)In: International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, ISSN 1567-9764, E-ISSN 1573-1553, Vol. 16, no 1, 127-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
When do states allow nonstate actors (NSAs) to observe negotiations at intergovernmental meetings? Previous studies have identified the need for states to close negotiations when the issues under discussion are sensitive. This paper argues that sensitivity alone cannot adequately explain the dynamic of closing down negotiations to observers. Questions that have received little attention in the literature include which issues are considered sensitive and how the decision is made to move the negotiations behind closed doors. This paper examines the practices of NSA involvement in climate diplomacy from three analytical perspectives: functional efficiency, political dynamics, and historical institutionalism. Based on interviews and UNFCCC documents, this paper suggests that to understand the issue of openness in negotiations, institutional factors and the politics of NSA involvement need to be better scrutinized. The paper shows that each perspective has particular advantages when analyzing different dimensions of the negotiations, with implications of how we understand the role of NSAs in global environmental governance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 16, no 1, 127-144 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108551DOI: 10.1007/s10784-014-9237-6ISI: 000372248800007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-108551DiVA: diva2:730896
Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council [421-2011-1862]; Formas [2011-779]2014-06-302014-06-302016-04-20Bibliographically approved