Det är bara ett litet stick. Nålfobi hos ungdomar och vuxna: En litteraturöversikt
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
It's just a small stick. Needle phobia in adolescents and adults : a literature review (English)
Background Adolescents and adults suffering from needle phobia have an unreasonable fear of needles that leads to negative experiences if they do not get the support they need. Negative experiences lead to patients avoiding health care, or these experiences affect important aspects of life. The suffering that a patient experiences may be obvious to some, but others hide it, and then it will be more difficult to detect. The nurse's role is to recognize the suffering and its different reactions in order to alleviate and prevent unnecessary suffering of the patient. AimThe purpose of this study was to describe about young people's and adults' experiences of having needle phobias. Method A literature review methodology, using eight quantitative articles and one qualitative article relevant for the aim of study.The analysis was done by comparing the similarities and differences from the result's content.Afterwards the most important parts in the result was coded to build categories and themes. Results Patients with needle phobias experience many different physical reactions such aspain, vasovagal reaction and other reactions during venipuncture, injections or just by seeing a needle. Long waiting times worsened the experience and strengthened the response. Patients experience more anxiety and fear because of their previous negative experiences and because of the medical environment. Experiences and reactions differ between ages, gender and level of education. Conclusion Patients with needle phobias have different experiences and reactions vary from person to person. Nurses on care institutions need more knowledge about patient'sexperiencesof needle phobias to better support and ease the suffering that afflicts the patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 24 p.
Blood, fear, injection, needles, phobia
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6375Local ID: EXO500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6375DiVA: diva2:730894
Subject / course