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Människors beteende vid övergångsställen 14 år efter Zebralagens införande: En studie om förares och fotgängares agerande vid obevakade övergångsställen i Tyresö kommun
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The behaviour of people at pedestrian crossings 14 years after the Zebra law was established : A study about drivers and pedestrians acting around unsupervised pedestrian crossings in Tyresö kommun (English)
Abstract [sv]

Många gående skadas eller dör i trafiken varje år. En stor del av olyckorna inträffarvid övergångsställen, flest olyckor sker vid obevakade övergångsställen. Nollvisionenär ett långsiktigt mål att ingen människa ska behöva skadas eller dö itrafiken. Somett ytterligare steg mot  nollvisionen infördes år 2000 den så kallade”Zebralagen”, en lag som innebär att fordonsförare har väjningsplikt gentemotgående. Eftersom denna lag är aktuell i samhällsdebatten har vi valt attstudera hur lagen efterlevs i praktiken detta genom att observera fyra olikatyper av övergångsställen vid sammanlagt 14 olika tillfällen och olika tider pådygnet (vardagar mellan 6-20). För att kunna jämföra observationerna medförares och fotgängares påstådda agerande har även 100 stycken enkäter delatsut och sammanställts. Utifrån dessa studier och sammanställningar har vi kommitfram till resultatet att människor upplever sig själva vara betydligt meruppmärksam och skötsamma i trafiken än vad de egentligen är och även attutformningen på övergångsstället har stor påverkan på fordonsförarna men ingenalls på fotgängarna.

Abstract [en]

Many people walking in traffic gets injured or killed in traffic each year. The place where this occurs mostly is on zebra crossings, the ones that have no surveillance are the ones where the accidents are most common. A vision zero has been establish to create a long term goal to make sure that no persons gets injured or killed in traffic. To enhance vision zero has a “zebra law” been instate year 2000, the law states that cars needs to give way for people walking. This law has been discussed in media and that is why we want to do this research about it. We did the research through observation at four different zebra crossings during 14 different times and different times of the day, all between 6 am and 8 pm. To get the people who is walking and the drivers opinions about their experiences in traffic was a survey answered by 100 participants and then analysed conducted and analysed with 100 participants. The results shows that people believe that they are more observant in traffic then what the observations has shown is true. The design of the zebra crossings did also play a role in how observant the drivers were but did not have the same effect on the people walking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 53 p.
Keyword [en]
pedestrian crossing, zebra crossing, pedestrian, accidents, driver, traffic
Keyword [sv]
övergångsställe, olyckor, trafik, fotgängare, förare, zebralagen, väjningsplikt
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-147522OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-147522DiVA: diva2:730240
External cooperation
Tyresö kommun
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-27 Created: 2014-06-27 Last updated: 2014-06-27Bibliographically approved

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