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”Jag” som individ eller ”vi” som i grupp? - Ett liberaldemokratiskt dilemma: En jämförande studie av egalitära och kommunitära förhållningssätt till multikulturella rättighetsanspråk på en liberaldemokratisk stat
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Increased immigrant movement from conflict stricken areas to the liberal west, has led to challenges involving increasing multicultural group claims on the liberal democratic state, leading to the destabilization of its foundation. The conflict lay in the opposing world views culturally, ethnically and religiously that the new citizens have, seeing the “group” first and foremost whereas the individual in western democracy has always been seen as the principal rights recipient.

The purpose of this study has been to examine the challenges multicultural group claims from immigrants have had on the liberal democratic state on a theoretical level and what possible approaches that should be used to resolve this challenge from the standpoint of the liberal democratic state. To answer this on a theoretical level the study uses a qualitative text analysis of three acclaimed political philosophers on the subject, the communitarian Charles Taylor, the egalitarian liberal philosopher Brian Barry and the liberal philosopher Will Kymlicka whom takes a middle ground on the subject of multicultural group rights. 

 The results show us that though the three philosophers have different outlooks on the grounds of their opinion on group rights and claims, in the case of immigrants they agree to a large extent. They agree that, whilst the liberal democratic state and the immigrants both wish for complete integration as citizens, the liberal democratic state will treat immigrants the same as the majority, as individual rights recipients. All this whilst making required efforts for the simplification of the integration process. That is why acceptance of certain multicultural rights regarding food, culture, traditions and language in the “private” sphere as well as certain exceptions in the “official” sphere can be accepted, as long as they adhere to the liberal democratic framework of free association, whilst normative multicultural group claims cannot.  So we find that a communitarian philosophy which encourages multicultural group claims actually does agree that the liberal democratic state’s current approach in the case of immigrants is enough.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 77 p.
Keyword [en]
Multiculturalism, Normative multiculturalism, Liberalism, Liberal democracy, Human rights, Right claims, Multicultural challenges, Identity, Ethnicity, Religion, Collective rights, Immigration, Immigrants
National Category
Humanities Social Sciences Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-227434OAI: diva2:729501
Educational program
Master Programme in Human Rights
Available from: 2014-06-26 Created: 2014-06-26 Last updated: 2014-06-26Bibliographically approved

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