Gips som avfall, produkt eller biprodukt?: Hur tillämpas lagstiftningen vid återanvändning av gipsmaterial?
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The circumstances under which waste can cease to be waste are often considered unclear for several different types of waste. The objective of this study was to examine both the general circumstances in which gypsum waste can cease to be waste and also examine a specific intended use for gypsum waste; using recycled gypsum as fuel additive in biofuel plants which not have permission to burn waste. The method used is mainly interviews with authorities and stakeholders in the gypsum industry as well as analysis of relevant case law. The results shows that stakeholders in the gypsum industry and the regulating authorities considered that recycled gypsum, which is used as raw material in the manufacture of new plasterboards, should be classified as a non-waste material. If recycled gypsum shall be used in new application areas such as the intended use of gypsum waste as fuel additives it has to be a legal examination case by case. The determining factors in such a legal examination will be the environmental impact of the fuel additive and if the practice should be considered as resource utilization or a disposal of waste. It has also become clear that gypsum waste material that, through a recovery operation ceases to be waste, has no obligation to be registered in the REACH Registry due to exemptions in the REACH-regulation. The overall conclusion from this study is that the field of application determines whether the recycled gypsum waste is classified as a waste or a non-waste material.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 34 p.
case law, end of waste, fuel additive, gypsum waste, recycled gypsum
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-90613OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-90613DiVA: diva2:728947
Subject / course
Examensarbete i miljö och hälsoskydd
Master of Science Programme in Environmental Health
Lundmark, Fredrik, Universitetsadjunkt
Berglund, Åsa, Universitetslektor