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Interventioner som reducerar oro inför och under anestesi hos vuxna patienter
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background

Research shows that the majority of patients feel anxiety before and during anesthesia. It has been shown in several studies that preoperative anxiety may cause adverse effects in the postoperative course. Nurse anesthetists have a key role in creating a safe environment and the opportunity to use different interventions to reduce the degree of anxiety.

Aim

The aim of the study was to examine which interventions may reduce anxiety in adult patients before and during both general, local and regional anesthesia.

Design

Systematic literature review with a quantitative approach.

Results

Several studies indicate that gabapentin and pregabalin can reduce anxiety before and during anesthesia. The anxiety reducing effect appeared to be dose dependent. The naturopathic drugs Citrus aurantium blossom and Passiflora incarnata Linneaus were found to reduce anxiety before anesthesia. Music on headphones was also found to reduce the patient´s anxiety before and during anesthesia. In this study information provided as video and electronic information material did not demonstrate a reduction in pre-and perioperative anxiety, with exception of one study.

Conclusions

Several studies indicated that pharmacological interventions could reduce anxiety before and during anesthesia. Listening to music in connection with anesthesia was also found to reduce the degree of anxiety. Music is a simple intervention for the nurse anesthetist to initialize and the patients themselves may be given the opportunity to participate in their treatment by selecting the music. Considerably more research is needed on non-pharmacological interventions to complement all pharmacological research being conducted.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Forskning visar att majoriteten av patienterna känner oro inför och under anestesi. Det har visat sig i flera studier att preoperativ oro kan ge negativa konsekvenser i det postoperativa förloppet. Anestesisjuksköterskan har en viktig uppgift i att skapa en trygg miljö och möjlighet att med olika interventioner minska graden av oro.

Syfte

Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka interventioner som kan minska vuxna patienters oro inför och under såväl generell som lokal och regional anestesi.

Design

Systematisk litteraturstudie med kvantitativ ansats.

Resultat

Flera studier visade att gabapentin och pregabalin kunde minska patientens oro före och under anestesi. Den orosreducerande effekten visade sig emellertid vara dosberoende. Naturläkemedlen Citrus aurantium Blossom och Passiflora incarnata Linneaus visade sig minska oro inför anestesi. Musik i hörlurar sågs också minska patientens oro före och under anestesi. I denna studie påvisade information i form av video och elektroniskt informationsmaterial inte någon reducering av pre- och peroperativ oro, med undantag för en studie.

Slutsats

Flera studier pekade på att farmakologisk behandling kunde minska oro före och under anestesi. Att lyssna på musik i samband med anestesi visade sig också minska graden av oro. Musik är en enkel intervention för anestesisjuksköterskan att initiera och patienten kan ges möjlighet till delaktighet i sin behandling genom att själv välja musiken. Betydligt mer forskning behövs dock om icke-farmakologiska interventioner som komplement till all farmakologisk forskning som bedrivs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
Preoperative, anxiety, anesthesia, nursing, surgery
Keyword [sv]
Preoperativ, oro, anestesi, omvårdnad, kirurgi
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-227227OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-227227DiVA: diva2:728695
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot anestesisjukvård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-25 Created: 2014-06-24 Last updated: 2014-06-25Bibliographically approved

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