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Ordningsmakter inom ordningsmakten: Diskurskamp, dilemman och motstånd i blivande polisers samtal om mångfald
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Forces in the Police Force : Discursive Conflict, Dilemmas and Resistance in Police Trainee Discourse on Diversity (English)
Abstract [en]

This thesis identifies and describes the diversity aspects of police discourse based on the accounts of police trainees in their final year. Specifically, the focus is on culture, religion and ethnicity, and four main questions are addressed: What is said about diversity? How is it articulated? What subject positions are offered and assumed? In what ways are discourses of diversity sustained and challenged?

The analysis of discourse in use is based on field studies conducted at the Swedish National Police Academy and focus group interviews with police trainees in the educational setting and during their trainee placement period. The analytical concepts of interpretative repertoire, ideological dilemmas, subject positions and discursive devices are employed to identify how different meanings are ascribed to diversity. Three central discourses of diversity are presented: diversity as inescapable difference (a hegemonic practice), diversity as political goal (recognition of diversity) and diversity as potential likeness (regulation of diversity). These are competing discourses on how police officers should be and how their role is understood in relation to a pluralistic society. The study shows that the contradictory diversity discourses reflect a struggle of different ‘us’, which regulates the conception of the ideal police officer, professional conduct and the performance of policing.

In addition, five dilemmas originating in the tension between the discourses are outlined. Diversity is found to involve ideological dilemmas regarding how policing should be conducted in relation to profiling and social categories, how humour and jargon are viewed and handled, and how lack of knowledge may mean attributing subject positions to others with discriminatory implications. The thesis contributes to showing how diversity discourses reproduce the social order by affirming the social categories that the representatives of diversity are assumed to embody. It closes with a discussion of some practical and theoretical implications of its findings.

Abstract [sv]

Baksidestext

Ordningsmakter inom ordningsmakten visar hur mångfald, med fokus på kultur, religion och etnicitet, ges skilda betydelser i blivande polisers samtal och att det pågår en kamp om hur samhällets mångfald ska förstås i relation till polisens sammansättning och arbete.

Kampen mellan diskurser är vare sig en ny kamp eller exklusiv för polisen. Däremot kan striden om hur mångfald ska förstås ses som en modern företeelse, som ställs på sin spets inom polisen vars uppdrag är att skydda demokratiska värden och lagar om människors rättigheter. I denna avhandling beskrivs hur kampen tar sig uttryck inom ordningsmakten.

Hur kan vi förstå det paradoxala i att polisen har som uppgift att arbeta mot fördomar, samtidigt som vissa arbetsuppgifter motiveras av fördomar? Vad innebär ett behov av ökad kunskap om olika grupper, som samtidigt sätter dessa grupper i en diskriminerande utgångspunkt? Varför förekommer en diskriminerande humoristisk jargong i ett yrke som har i uppdrag att främja rättvisa och motverka diskriminering? Detta är några av de frågor och dilemman som mångfald aktualiserar i en polisiär kontext.

Avhandlingen synliggör hur mångfaldsdiskurser återskapar social över- och underordning och att kampen mellan diskurser är en kamp om olika ’vi’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2014. , 311 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2014:40
Keyword [en]
diversity, police, policing, discourse, dilemma, resistance, categorization, culture, ethnicity, religion, jargon, humour, prejudice, profiling, discursive psychology, interpretative repertoire, positioning, discursive devices, ideological dilemma
Keyword [sv]
mångfald, polisen, diskurs, dilemma, motstånd, kategorisering, kultur, etnicitet, religion, humor, fördomar, profilering, diskursiv psykologi, tolkningsrepertoar, positionering, språkliga resurser, ideologiska dilemman
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-32866ISBN: 978-91-7063-575-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-32866DiVA: diva2:728544
Public defence
2014-09-12, 12A138, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-08-22 Created: 2014-06-24 Last updated: 2014-08-22Bibliographically approved

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