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Gender Earnings Gap at Career Entry: Is there an earnings gap between men and women at labor market entry, for similarly highly educated individuals?
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses the gender earnings gap in Sweden at career entry, for individuals with comparable educational profile. There are many studies on this topic. Usually, researchers are focusing their attention on the evolution of this gap through individuals’ career. Our paper concentrates only on individual’s career entry, to exclude work experience as an explanatory factor. By studying six different educational fields we can have a precise image of the use of human ressources in the economy.An empirical analysis has been conducted using the method of OLS on a restricted data sample concerning graduates, having accomplished at least two years of university education. The result showed that, even at career entry, the raw gender earnings gap is of 20,2%. After controlling for fields of studies and occupations, the gap is reduced to 15,4%. This gap fluctuates among different fields of education, depending on the society’s perception of these fields. We distinguish male-dominated (i.e. Engineering and manufacturing), female-dominated (i.e. Teaching methods and teacher education) and gender-neutral (i.e. Social sciences, law, commerce and administration) educational fields. Our results depict some large gender earnings gap within male-dominated fields of study – women earn on average 20% less than their male counterparts when studying Engineering and manufacturing – and rather small ones within female-dominated and gender-neutral fields of study but due to statistical insignificance of the gender dummy coefficients we cannot make a conclusion concerning these fields.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 54 p.
Keyword [en]
Gender, Earnings, Gap, Education, Discrimination, Career Entry
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-35456OAI: diva2:727705
Subject / course
Available from: 2014-06-23 Created: 2014-06-23 Last updated: 2014-06-23Bibliographically approved

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Boinet, Alice
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