Systemic treatment and narrowband ultraviolet B differentially affect cardiovascular risk markers in psoriasis.
2014 (English)In: The Journal of American Academy of Dermatology, ISSN 0190-9622, E-ISSN 1097-6787, Vol. 70, no 6, 1067-1075 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is associated with a systemic inflammation and an increased frequency of the metabolic syndrome, both of which are believed to link psoriasis to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the systemic expression of markers of cardiovascular risk and determine their response to ultraviolet B therapy and treatment with the tumor necrosis factor-alfa inhibitor, etanercept.
METHODS: Six markers of cardiovascular risk were measured in 28 patients with psoriasis and 28 control subjects.
RESULTS: Five of the 6 investigated markers were elevated in patients with psoriasis. Four of these correlated to the body mass index and waist-hip ratio, suggesting a link to the metabolic syndrome. Total plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 remained elevated independently of these factors. The levels of the investigated risk markers decreased considerably after tumor necrosis factor-alfa inhibitor treatment but remained unaffected by ultraviolet therapy.
LIMITATIONS: A relatively limited study population and nonrandomization are limitations.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the choice of treatment in psoriasis may influence the cardiovascular risk in patients with psoriasis and the metabolic syndrome.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 70, no 6, 1067-1075 p.
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107732DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2013.12.044ISI: 000336030400026PubMedID: 24656729OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-107732DiVA: diva2:727108