Academic achievement and personality traits: an empirical and neurobiological investigation
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The present thesis explores how personality traits are connected to academic achievement. First, a theoretical discussion on the neurobiological basis of different personality traits is presented, where variance in brain- activity, volume and chemistry describes possible differences in personality. Traits previously linked to academic achievement is also described in terms of neurobiology. This is followed by an empirical investigation of the connection between personality traits and academic achievement. Previous research suggest the Big Five (Costa & McCrae, 1992a) personality traits of conscientiousness, order and self-discipline to be positively associated with academic achievement. Also, similar suggestions have been put forward concerning the Values in Action (VIA-IS; Peterson & Seligman, 2004) character strengths of love of learning, self-regulation and persistence and academic achievement. 90 students in a medium sized Swedish senior high school completed the two personality inventories and their grades were collected. Positive correlations were found for the personality traits conscientiousness, order, and self-discipline and for the character strengths persistence, love of learning, perspective and open-mindedness. The results partly supported the hypotheses as well as extended the knowledge about what factors contribute to academic achievement. Discussion of the results and suggestions for further research concludes the thesis.
Keywords: personality trait, character strength, neurobiology, academic achievement, BFI, VIA-IS
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 57 p.
personality trait, character strength, neurobiology, academic achievement, BFI, VIA-IS
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-9540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-9540DiVA: diva2:727002
Subject / course