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Modelling of algae based wastewater treatment: Implementation of the River Water Quality Model no. 1
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Modellering av algbaserad avloppsvattenrening : Implementering av River Water Quality Model no. 1 (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The conventional wastewater treatment of today was developed aiming to mitigate problems occurring in wastewater recipients such as oxygen depletion and eutrophication. The focus of wastewater management has however broadened and major concern is now focused on the sustainability of the wastewater treatment process itself. Algae based wastewater treatment is an alternative to conventional treatment. It has the potential to yield an acceptable effluent quality at a lower ecological cost.

This Degree Project was conducted as part of MOBIT, a project at Mälardalen University. The MOBIT project was aimed at the development of an algae based wastewater treatment process in an activated sludge environment. The aim of this Degree Project was to propose a model describing the dynamics of such a system. The model was constructed in Simulink, based on the River Water Quality Model no. 1. The River Water Quality Model no. 1 was chosen as the basis for modelling because it included the state variables and processes necessary to describe the dynamics of bacteria, algae and pH.

The River Water Quality Model no. 1 was, as the name suggests, developed to describe a river system. It was hence considered important to evaluate if the model was applicable to an activated sludge environment. A major obstacle was the fact that no algae based activated sludge system had been studied prior the start of the MOBIT project, the project was pioneering. The lack of system understanding and of measurement data aggravated the evaluation. However, the proposed model was compared to the Activated Sludge Model No. 1 which was known to describe an activated sludge system accurately.

The model structure of the River Water Quality Model no. 1 was considered a good starting point for future modelling of the algae based activated sludge process. However, the model set-up proposed in this report does not describe the system sufficiently well. Better system understanding and measurement data is needed in order to develop and calibrate the model.

Abstract [sv]

Dagens konventionella avloppsvattenrening har utvecklats för att minimera utsläpp av näringsämnen och kolföreningar då sådana utsläpp medför övergödning och syrebrist i mottagande vatten. På senare tid har reningsprocessen i sig hamnat i fokus då den är såväl energi- som resurskrävande. Algbaserad avloppsvattenrening är ett alternativ som har potential att ge tillfredsställande rening med ett betydligt mindre ekologiskt fotavtryck.

Det här examensarbetet var en del av MOBIT, ett projekt vid Mälardalens högskola. MOBIT syftade till att utvärdera algbaserad avloppsvattenrening i form av en aktivslamprocess. Syftet med examensarbetet var att ta fram en modell för det planerade systemet. Modellen byggdes i Simulink och den baserades på en befintlig modell, River Water Quality Model no. 1. Den befintliga modellen valdes för att den inkluderade alla önskvärda tillståndsvariabler och processer, bland annat de som krävs för att beskriva alg-, bakterie- och pH-dynamik.

Som namnet antyder utvecklades River Water Quality Model no. 1 för att beskriva ett flodsystem. Det var därför angeläget att utvärdera huruvida modellen var tillämpbar i en aktivslammiljö. Utvärderingen försvårades av att det vid tiden för examensarbetets utförande ännu inte fanns någon existerande algbaserad aktivslamprocess. Kunskapen om systemet var därför begränsad och det fanns ingen mätdata att kalibrera eller evaluera mot. I brist på mätdata jämfördes den framtagna modellen med en annan modell som var utvecklad för att beskriva just avloppsvattenrening, Activated Sludge Model No. 1.

Arbetet resulterade i slutsatsen att River Water Quality Model no. 1 utgör en bra grund för modellering av den algbaserade aktivslamprocessen. Men, den modellkonfiguration som tas fram i denna rapport beskriver inte systemet särskilt bra. Bättre systemförståelse samt tillförlitlig mätdata krävs för att omarbeta och kalibrera den föreslagna modellen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 77 p.
Series
UPTEC W, ISSN 1401-5765 ; 14 020
Keyword [en]
algae, wastewater treatment, activated sludge process, modelling, RWQM1, ASM1
Keyword [sv]
alger, avloppsvattenrening, aktivslamprocessen, modellering, RWQM1, ASM1
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-226484OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-226484DiVA: diva2:725898
External cooperation
Mälardalens högskola
Educational program
Master Programme in Environmental and Water Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
MOBIT
Available from: 2014-06-19 Created: 2014-06-17 Last updated: 2014-09-08Bibliographically approved

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