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”Early childhood caries” och associerade riskfaktorer bland barn i Europa
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“Early childhood caries” and associated risk factors among children in Europe (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Early childhood caries (ECC) är en kariesform som drabbar barn i tidig ålder. Sjukdomen karaktäriseras av ett snabbt progressionsförlopp och drabbar ofta släta ytor på de primära tänderna.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva förekomsten och identifiera riskfaktorer till early childhood caries (ECC) bland barn mellan 0-6 år i Europa.

Metod: Materialet som användes i litteraturstudien är vetenskapliga publikationer som huvudsakligen inhämtats från den medicinska databasen PubMed. Resultatet bygger på en sammanställning av 15 vetenskapliga artiklar som publicerats mellan 2000-2014.

Resultat: Förekomsten av ECC varierade från 13.0-85.0 % i olika länder och populationer i Europa. Lägst respektive högst förekomst sågs hos barn i Sverige. ECC associerades med mat-och munhygienvanor samt med flera socioekonomiska faktorer, där föräldrars utbildning, arbetssituation och etnicitet var av störst betydelse. Amning och användning av nappflaska var beteendefaktorer som visade ett samband med ökad förekomst av ECC.

Slutsats: ECC förekommer i både väst- och östeuropeiska länder. Kost- och munhygienvanor är av stor betydelse för utvecklingen av ECC, men sjukdomen har även en association med flera beteende- och socioekonomiska faktorer.

Abstract [en]

Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a form of dental caries that affects children at an early age. The disease is characterized by a rapid progression and it usually affects smooth surfaces of the primary teeth.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and identify risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC) among children between 0-6 years in Europe.

Method: The material used in this review is scientific publications mainly collected from the medical database PubMed. The results are based on a compilation of 15 scientific articles published between 2000-2014.

Results: The prevalence of ECC ranged from 13.0-85.0 % in different countries and populations in Europe. The lowest and highest occurrence of ECC was observed among children in Sweden. ECC was associated with dietary and oral hygiene habits, along with several socioeconomic factors, where the parent’s educational level, employment status and ethnicity were the most significant factors. Breastfeeding and the use of baby bottle were behavioral factors that showed an association with increased prevalence of ECC.

Conclusion: ECC exists in both Western and Eastern European countries. Dietary and oral hygiene habits are very important for the development of ECC, but the disease has also a relation with several behavioral and socioeconomic factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Early childhood caries, Europe, Oral health, Prevalence, Risk factors
Keyword [sv]
Early childhood caries, Europa, förekomst, oral hälsa, riskfaktorer
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-12126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-12126DiVA: diva2:724836
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-16 Created: 2014-06-13 Last updated: 2014-06-16Bibliographically approved

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