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Exploring Product Life-Cycle Information Flows with a Focus on Remanufacturing
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our daily lives and welfare rely heavily on products. Considering that climate change is caused by humans, it is important to handle and use products in a sustainable manner; remanufacturing is one such way to accomplish this. Remanufacturing is an industrial process where products are restored into useful life. However, few products are designed for remanufacturing, which sometimes makes remanufacturing impossible or difficult to perform. Traditionally, the design focus has been on the manufacturing and use phases. The product life-cycle perspective, however, is required to obtain a more sustainable product life-cycle.

As the remanufacturing process is characterised by process steps such as inspection, disassembly, cleaning and reprocessing, the often labour-intensive remanufacturing process has specific requirements on the design. Further, the remanufacturing process is characterised by uncertainties such as when used products are expected and what state they will be in when they arrive. Information from the product life-cycle such as drawings and service reports could potentially facilitate the remanufacturing process. Further, feedback from remanufacturing to product design could improve the design of the next generation of products.

The objective of this thesis is to identify and analyse product life-cycle information flows with a particular focus on remanufacturing.

The design research methodology framework has been used to outline, plan and support the research. Previous research in the area has been assessed through a literature study, while the case study methodology was applied for carrying out the empirical studies. The data collection methods used in the case studies were semi-structured interviews, workshops and document analysis.

The result from the literature study shows that feedback such as suggestions for improvement from remanufacturing personnel, process data, and data about wear on components could help to improve the design of the next generation of products. Further, design changes could lead to a more efficient remanufacturing process. The three industrial cases presented in this licentiate thesis fail to explore the full potential of remanufacturing feedback to product design. All in all, remanufacturing is sufficiently included in the information flows of the product life-cycle. Design for remanufacturing is not applied in any of the industrial cases studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. , 61 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1669
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107496DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-107496ISBN: 978-91-7519-296-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-107496DiVA: diva2:724717
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2014-06-13 Created: 2014-06-13 Last updated: 2016-04-12Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Life-Cycle Information Feedback to Product Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Life-Cycle Information Feedback to Product Design
2012 (English)In: Proceedings of the 5th Swedish Production symposium (SPS'12), The Swedish Production Academy , 2012, 99-105 p.Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A key to sustainable product development is to consider the entire product life-cycle, as well as the requirements on product design in the different life-cycle phases. Improvements in product design can be based on information feedback from the product life-cycle. The aim of this paper is to identify sources of information from the product life-cycle for product design, as well as what benefits the retrieval of such information feedback can have for the product development process. The method udes for this paper was a literature review, utilizing the Scopus and Science Direct databases. Feedback information on the design phase can stream from the product life-cycle phases of manufacturing, use, service and edn-of-life. The feedback includes objective and subjective data from customers, users, service technicians and company staff involved in the product life-cycle. The feedback from the product life-cycle needs to be managed well, and relevant information should be available to the product development team in the design phase. Sucg information flows are valuable in supporting the design of products to facilitate the entire product life-cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Swedish Production Academy, 2012
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-87524 (URN)978-91-7519-752-4 (ISBN)
Conference
5th International Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2012), 6-8 November 2012, Linköping, Sweden
Available from: 2013-01-18 Created: 2013-01-18 Last updated: 2016-04-12Bibliographically approved
2. The Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in a Value Chain including Remanufacturing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in a Value Chain including Remanufacturing
2013 (English)In: Re-engineering Manufacturing for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Singapore 17-19 April, 2013 / [ed] Andrew Y.C. Nee, Bin Song, and Soh-Khim Ong, Singapore: Springer, 2013, 621-626 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Product life-cycle information is used to improve a product’s performance over its life-cycle. The objective of this paper is to describe how information from the product life-cycle phases of design, manufacturing, use, service and end-of-life are used and handled in a value chain comprised of an international original equipment manufacturer with its suppliers and contracted remanufacturers. A case study of a value chain was conducted. The paper concludes that the information flows within the value chain studied are well-functioning; however the organizational structure seems to be a hindrance for full information exchange within the value chain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer, 2013
Keyword
Product life-cycle, Product life-cycle information, Remanufacturing, Product-Service System
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102567 (URN)10.1007/978-981-4451-48-2_101 (DOI)978-981-4451-47-5 (ISBN)978-981-4451-48-2 (ISBN)
Conference
20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Singapore 17-19 April, 2013
Projects
KEAP
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2013-12-13 Created: 2013-12-13 Last updated: 2016-04-12Bibliographically approved
3. Exploring the Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in Two Value Chains Including Remanufacturing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in Two Value Chains Including Remanufacturing
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Not many products are designed for remanufacturing. One of the reasons may be that the information flows to and from remanufacturers are not in level with the other information flows in the product life-cycle. In this paper, the information flows within two value chains including remanufacturing and PSS are investigated. The case studies show that the remanufacturing part of the value chain is not strongly included in the information flows in the product life-cycle. This means that valuable feedback about the product design and condition at end-of-life is neglected. Further, information feed forward, which could potentially make the remanufacturing process more efficient, is not satisfactorily implemented.

Keyword
Information Feed Forward/ Feedback, Design for Remanufacturing, Product Service System
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102558 (URN)
Conference
8th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (EcoDesign 2013), Jeju Islands, Korea, December 4-6 2013
Projects
KEAP 2
Funder
Vinnova
Note

Best paper award at conference

Available from: 2013-12-13 Created: 2013-12-13 Last updated: 2016-04-12

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