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Modelling of breaking arcs when they are extinguished by current zero-crossings
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

When breaking large currents in switching devices, arcs are created, which continue to carry the current. It is desirable to extinguish these in order to break the current. In this master thesis a model of the arcs behavior during current zero-crossings was made and put into a module, which is to be used when simulating electrical AC arcs. The module will be used when designing switches, e.g. contactors.

When the current falls to 0 A there is a race between the transient recovery voltage and the dielectric strength, which determines if the arc will extinguish or restrike. The arc is extinguished if the dielectric strength is greater than the transient recovery voltage through the whole cycle.

The transient recovery voltage is only dependent on the circuit used. The dielectric strength was found to mainly depend on the arc current, gap length and contact material. A model of the dielectric strength was made to determine if the arc will restrike or not. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 42 p.
Series
UPTEC Q, ISSN 1401-5773 ; 14 004
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-226204OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-226204DiVA: diva2:724682
External cooperation
ABB AB, Control Products
Educational program
Master Programme in Materials Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-19 Created: 2014-06-13 Last updated: 2014-06-19Bibliographically approved

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Modelling of breaking arcs when they are extinguished by current zero-crossings(1963 kB)15991 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
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Output format
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