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Låta maten tysta mun: Skillnader och samband i graden av mindful eating i förhållande till Body Mass Index och demografiska variabler
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: En ökad medveten närvaro kring måltiden och ätandet genom mindful eating har i ny forskning visat sig vara en effektiv metod för att minska en rad olika sjukdomar och hälsorelaterade problem samt bidra till gynnsamma hälsoeffekter. Trots detta finns få studier genomförda i en svensk kontext.

Syfte: Undersöka och beskriva graden av mindful eating hos en grupp individer på sociala medier i förhållande till Body Mass Index och demografiska variabler.

Metod: Deskriptiv tvärsnittsstudie med en kvantitativ ansats. Ett tidigare utvecklat instrument, Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ), översattes och distribuerades som en webbaserad enkätundersökning. Respondenterna rekryterades under en veckas tid genom ett snöbollsurval på det sociala nätverket Facebook. Inklusionskriterierna var att deltagarna skulle behärska det svenska språket, vara mellan 20-65 år och användare av Facebook. Urvalet bestod sammanlagt av 264 respondenter.

Reslutat: Huvudresultatet visade att deltagarna generellt sett hade en god grad av mindful eating med en total MEQ-poäng på 2,82. Högst poäng hade de på underkategorin känslomässig reaktion (3,01) och lägst poäng på medvetenhet (2,55). Skillnader och samband mellan den totala graden av mindful eating och bakgrunds variablerna förekom endast för Body Mass Index (BMI). Personer med normalvikt (BMI 18,5-24,9) var markant mer medvetna än de övriga. För de olika underkategorierna och de oberoende variablerna kunde ett flertal skillnader och samband identifieras. Främst i relation till BMI, kön och ålder.

Slutsats: Studien visade att graden av mindful eating främst skiljde sig i förhållande till BMI, vilket överensstämmer med tidigare studier i andra länder. Detta kan vara ett betydelsefullt resultat dels för att väcka intresset kring mindful eating och dess hälsoeffekter, dels för att mindful eating kan vara en effektiv metod för att främja goda matvanor i en svensk befolkning.

Abstract [en]

Background: An increased awareness around the meal and eating through mindful eating has in recent research proved to be an effective method for reducing a wide range of diseases and health problems and contribute to beneficial health effects. Despite this, few studies have been conducted in a Swedish context.

Objective: To examine and describe the degree of mindful eating in a group individuals on social media in relation to Body Mass Index and demographic variables.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. An previously developed instrument, Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ), was translated and distributed as a web-based survey. Respondents were recruited during one week by a snowball sample on the social network Facebook. The criteria for inclusion was that the participants should master the Swedish language, be between 20-65 years and users of Facebook. The sample comprised a total of 264 respondents.

Reslutat: Main results indicated that participants generally had a good degree of mindful eating, with a mean MEQ-score of 2.82. The highest score was on the subscale of emotional response (3.01) and the lowest point at the awareness (2.55). Differences and correlation between the mean mindful eating score and background variables occurred only with BMI. People with normal weight (BMI 18.5-24.9) were markedly more aware than the other. For the different subscales and the demographic variables several differences and correlations were identified. Mainly in relation to BMI, gender and age.

Conclusion: The study showed that the degree of mindful eating mainly differed in relation to BMI, which is consistent with previous studies in other countries. This can be a important result partly to raise awareness about mindful eating and its health effects, partly because mindful eating can be an effective method of promoting good eating habits in a Swedish population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
Public health, eating habits, awareness, mindless eating, eating behavior
Keyword [sv]
Folkhälsa, matvanor, medvetenhet, mindless eating, ätbeteende
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-226180OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-226180DiVA: diva2:724487
Subject / course
Public Health
Educational program
Master Programme in Public Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-13 Created: 2014-06-12 Last updated: 2014-06-13Bibliographically approved

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