The role of organizational culture in employees´ work-life balance as an aspect of health
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
Organizational culture defines how employees should behave in a given set of circumstances. The purpose of this study involved analyzing the organizational culture of an Icelandic software consultancy company in relation to employees´ work-life balance as an aspect of health, and explaining the process for creating and sustaining a supportive work-life culture. Achieving this purpose required answers to several research questions, What are the components of the existing organizational culture? What is the managers´ role in creating and sustaining this organizational culture? What are the challenges in sustaining this organizational culture?
This case study used both quantitative and qualitative methods, and four data sources for triangulation purposes. The methodological approaches included a questionnaire-based survey, completed by 72 employees (90%); semi-structured interviews with eight employees; observations conducted during two separate weeks; and document analysis of various documents dating back a maximum of two years.
The results suggest that the case organization´s culture was work-life supportive, i.e., the organization supported and valued employees´ integration of work and private life. The components of the existing organizational culture were defined as: fun, ambition, flexibility, international character, openness, cooperation, informality, flat organizational structure, responsibility, trust, understanding, support, and pride. The managers´ role in creating and sustaining this culture involved availability, supportiveness, understanding, trusting, and giving feedback. Among the main challenges in sustaining the culture was the growth of the organization, which could affect considerably the informal culture. Description of the components of the case organization’s existing culture includes description of the culture’s enablers, according to the purpose of explaining how a supportive work-life culture can be created and sustained.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 66 p.
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; MPH 2008:18
Organizational Culture, Work-Life Balance, Leadership, Workplace Health Promotion
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3179OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3179DiVA: diva2:724364
2008-10-31, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, Box 12133, 402 42 Göteborg, Sweden, 00:00 (English)
Bihari-Axelsson, Susanna, Docent, Universitetslektor
ISBN 978-91-85721-57-32014-06-122014-06-122014-07-07Bibliographically approved