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Vårdpersonalens upplevelser av att vårda personer med Beteendemässiga och Psykiska Symtom vid Demens (BPSD)
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Allt fler personer drabbas av demenssjukdom och en stor del av dessa drabbas någon gång av ett eller flera beteendemässiga och psykiska symtom vid demens (BPSD). BPSD skapar stort lidande för den drabbade men kan även vara svårt att hantera för människorna omkring dem, närstående och vårdpersonal, och är en stor anledning till att personen flyttar till särskilt boende. Syftet med studien var att beskriva vårdpersonalens upplevelser av att vårda personer med beteendemässiga och psykiska symtom vid demens. Studien hade en beskrivande design med kvalitativ ansats. Data samlades in via sex individuella semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Genom bekvämlighetsurval rekryterades undersköterskor på ett demensboende i Sverige. Data analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Ett övergripande tema framträdde i resultatet, ”Svårigheter att finna balans mellan behov och resurser”. Informanterna upplevde arbetet med personer med BPSD som en stor utmaning men att det var mycket givande. Känslan av att inte räcka till, att sakna kunskap eller förmåga att hantera vissa situationer eller symtom samt bristen på resurser upplevdes som påfrestande av informanterna. Aggressivitet, oro och ångest hos personer med BPSD var de symtom som upplevdes som svårast att hantera. Resultatet visar även att informanterna upplevde arbetet med personer med BPSD som spännande, intressant och roligt och att de kände tillfredsställelse i att finnas där för personen med BPSD och att kunna bidra till deras välmående. Studiens slutsats visar att informanterna upplevde stora utmaningar i sitt arbete med att skapa välbefinnande för personer med BPSD. Stöd och utbildning skulle kunna öka arbetstillfredsställelsen för vårdpersonalen men även livskvaliteten för personer med BPSD. 

Abstract [en]

More and more people suffer from dementia and a large part of these is affected by some point of one or several behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). BPSD creates great suffering for the affected but can also be difficult for the people around them to manage, relatives and health professionals, and is a big reason that a person moves in to a nursing facility. The aim of this study was to describe health professional’s experience of caring for persons with behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia, BPSD. The study had a descriptive design with qualitative approach. Data were collected through six individual semi-structured interviews. By convenience sampling, nursing assistant working at a nursing facility for people with dementia in Sweden were recruited. Data were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. A theme emerged, “Difficulties to find a balance between need and resource”. The informants experienced their work in caring for people with BPSD as a great challenge but also as very awarding. The feeling of being inadequate, lacking knowledge or ability to handle certain situations or symptoms and lack of resources perceived as stressful by the informants. Aggressiveness and anxiety in individuals with BPSD were experienced as the most difficult to handle. The results also showed that the informants experienced working with persons with BPSD as exiting, interesting and fun and that they felt satisfaction in being there for the person with BPSD and to be able to contribute to their well-being. The conclusion in this study shows that informants experienced great challenges in their work to create wellbeing for people with BPSD. Support and education could increase the job satisfaction for the health personnel but also increase the quality of life for people with BPSD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Dementia, BPSD, health personnel, experience.
Keyword [sv]
Demens, BPSD, vårdpersonal, upplevelse.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16869Archive number: SpeVårdVk14- 01OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16869DiVA: diva2:724168
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-24 Created: 2014-06-12 Last updated: 2014-06-24Bibliographically approved

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