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Att förebygga spridning av MRSA på intensivvårdsavdelningar
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To prevent the spread of MRSA In intensive care units (English)
Abstract [sv]

Meticillinresistenta staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) är en bakterie som har utvecklat resistens mot meticillin. Spridning av MRSA är ett stort globalt problem som ökar. På intensivvårdsavdelningar förekommer smittspridning till medpatienter som är svårt sjuka, ett problem som intensivvårdssjuksköterskr bör förhindra med hjälp av olika omvårdnadsåtgärder. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka hur intensivvårdssjuksköterskan kan förhindra smittspridning av MRSA på intensivvårdsavdelning (IVA). Studien baseras på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultatet visar brister i handhygien, bemanning av oerfarna sjuksköterskor, underbemanning, otillförlitlig infektionskontroll och att ej vårda patienterna på enkelrum ökar risken för smittspridning. Framtida forskning inom dessa områden bör fokusera på en ökad medvetenhet och kunskap hur följsamheten av hygienrutiner kan skapas.

Abstract [en]

Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium that has developed a resistance to methicillin and the spread of these bacteria. MRSA is fast becoming a major global problem. There exists an increased risk within Intensive care unit (ICU) departmentsbetween patients who are seriously ill, a problem that the ICU nurses should try to avoid using a variet of nursing intervention. The purpose of this literature study was to explore how ICU nurses can help prevent the spread of MRSA in the ICU. The study is based upon 11 scientific articles, sought in Pubmed, Cinahl and viamanual searching. the results expose deficiencies in handhygiene, staff shortages, staffing nurses, unreliable infection control and failure to care for patients on single occupancy, all increasing the risk of contamination. Future research in this area should focus on how an increased awareness and knowledge about the importance of following hygiene procedures can be created and executed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 14 p.
Keyword [en]
Compliance, intensive care, MRSA, nursing singleroom
Keyword [sv]
Enkelrum, följsamhet, handhygien, intensivvård och MRSA
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-25584DiVA: diva2:723860
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-07-03 Created: 2014-06-11 Last updated: 2014-07-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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