Daylight Optimization - A Parametric Study of Atrium Design: Early Stage Design Guidelines of Atria for Optimization of Daylight Autonomy
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Dagsljusoptimering - En Parameterstudie av Atriumdesign : Riktlinjer för Tidiga Skeden av Atriumdesign för Optimal Dagsljusautonomi (Swedish)
This thesis investigates the design of atria for daylighting in large scale buildings. Athree dimensional test building with a central atrium was constructed and various parameters of the atrium altered. The impact of these changes was studied through computer simulations of annual daylight distribution by implementing state of theart software. Daylight autonomy is simulated for an annual climate file for Stockholm, Sweden.
In the thesis, notion is made of basic daylighting concepts, the importance of bringing daylight into buildings is argued, and the daylighting criteria of three environmental certification tools introduced.
Furthermore, a detailed comparison is made on several well known daylight simulation tools. A newly developed, state of the art, daylight simulation tool called Honeybee, is used in the simulation process. The tool utilizes the calculation engines of wellknown daylight simulation software Radiance and Daysim, which apply backward ray-tracing to reach accurate results. Honeybee is coupled to the graphical algorithmeditor Grasshopper for Rhinoceros 3D, which allows for an efficient way of parametric modelling. The comparison of five different daylight simulation tools showed that Honeybee outweighs the capabilities of many of them by offering a wast range of simulation capabilities and also giving the user exceptional control of result data within multiple zones of the test building.
The results of the daylight study have been compiled into a document which purpose is to serve as early stage design guidelines of atria for architects.
Many factors have been shown through simulation to have a dramatic impact on daylighton an annual basis, and several suggestions have been made on how to maximize the quantity of daylight within buildings containing atria.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 111 p.
Atrium, daylight, daylight autonomy, dynamic daylight simulation, early stage design guidelines, Grasshopper, Honeybee, illuminance, optimization, parametric modelling
Engineering and Technology Civil Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-146292OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-146292DiVA: diva2:723644
Subject / course
Building Services Engineering and Energy
School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE) - Master of Science in Engineering
Martinac, IvoDahman Meyersson, Sarah