Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
The end of military conscription in Europe has led to recruitment problems in severalcountries, including Sweden. By identifying components relevant to conscripts’ success inand positive attitudes towards the military, we may be able to make military education a moreattractive option for youth, thus solving the military recruitment crisis not only in Sweden,but in several other European countries as well. Using Generational Theory, Kegan’s theoryof psychosocial development, and Interdependence Theory, this study aims to identify andexamine conscripts’ values and attitudes towards their 3-18 month long mandatory militaryeducation, which took place between 2002 and 2010. The objective of this study is to analyzethe components important to conscripts in the Swedish military in order to determine whatcomponents should be included or emphasized in future military education programs, therebymaking the military a more attractive employment option for current and future generations.Data was collected from 55,239 conscripts in the Swedish military between 2002 and 2010using an anonymous course evaluation questionnaire. Data from 2002-2005 was combinedand used as a baseline to compare against data from future years. Principal componentanalysis was conducted for each year and resulted in 3 components being extracted for eachyear except 2008, which resulted in 2 components being extracted. Components extractedwere individual development, group cohesion, and competence or state of readiness. Themost important conclusion of this study was that conscripts’ attitudes and values were morein line with younger generations and that a focus on these values, individual development,group cohesion, and competence or state of readiness, may lead to the development of moreattractive educational and career opportunities for todays youth.Key words: Conscription, Generational Theory, Kegan’s theory of psychosocial development,Interdependence Theory, individual development, group cohesion, competence, state ofreadiness, military education
2014. , 43 p.