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Dialektanvändning hos barn med typisk utveckling: En jämförande studie mellan östgötska barn i olika åldergsgrupper
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Dialectal Use in Typically Developed Children : A Comparative Study between South-eastern Swedish Speaking Children in Different Age Groups (English)
Abstract [en]

To explore how children use dialect, and whether the dialectal language develops during growth might be of interest from a speech language pathologist’s point of view as the dialect could influence the child’s speech. Previous research is often based on older material and/or examines the speech of adults.  In the present study, everyday language in groups of south- eastern Swedish speaking children was investigated. The aim of the present study was to examine to what extent typically developed children of the ages of  5, 8 and 11 years use dialectal language. A further purpose was to discover which dialectal characteristics that were present in the different age groups, and how they differed. The children were video- and audiorecorded during group sessions in everyday settings. The collected material was transcribed according to principles of conversation analysis, and key portions were chosen for deeper analysis. The identified dialectal characteristics were diphthongal, distinctly open or closed vowels and regarding consonants retroflex flap [ɭ] and posterior /r/ were encountered. In prosody a final tonal raise in phrases was observed. Dialectal words and phrases and discourse markers were also documented.  

The results of the present study showed that the children use dialectal language as early as by the age of 5, but that older children had a more distinguishable dialect. Throughout all age groups, the vowels were dialectally influenced. Most distinctive was a much closed /i/ with a diphthong, and characteristically open <ä> and <ö>. The characteristic final tonal raise in phrases was encountered in all age groups. Furthermore, a variation regarding dialectal use has been observed between children but also within the same child. Discourse markers were found primarily in the school-aged children, assumingly due to the increased desire of belonging to a group. The results of the present study may contribute to the ability to determine whether phonology, lexicon and/or grammar in a child is deviant or in fact reflected by the south-eastern Swedish characteristics. Also from a diagnostic perspective it might be of value to know when to expect hearing dialectal characteristics in the child’s speech.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Dialect, dialectal use, typical development, preschoolers, school-aged children, south-eastern Swedish
Keyword [sv]
Dialekt, dialektanvändning, typisk utveckling, förskolebarn, skolbarn, östgötska
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107276ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A--14/010--SEOAI: diva2:723166
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
2014-05-13, Almen, Linköping, 14:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2014-06-10 Created: 2014-06-10 Last updated: 2014-06-11Bibliographically approved

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