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Distribuerad öppenhet: En studie av konceptualiseringen av öppenhet inom open access-rörelsen
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Distributed Openness : A Study on the Conceptualization of Openness in the Open Access Movement (English)
Abstract [en]

The following thesis concerns the conceptualization of openness within the open access movement. Open accesscan be understood as a phenomenon or a movement that aims at changing the current system of scholarly communication.Consequentially, the movements goals arose in relation to the escalating serials crisis in scholarly communicationand the increasing power of commercial publishers. The purpose of the thesis is to study three centralopen access declarations with the aim of uncovering the different conceptualizations of openness found withinthese texts. Leaning on the theoretical position known as actor-network theory, the declarations role within a surroundingnetwork is explored by focusing on how openness as a concept has been produced and reproduced bycentral actors. Two overarching questions frames the study: How is openness conceptualized within the declarations?And how can openness, as a concept, be understood as an effect generated by a larger network?The first part of the study focuses on the first question. In order to provide an answer I have conducted athematically structured text analysis of the declarations. The results of this part show that openness, in relation toopen access, is part of a discourse where research is considered a public good. I claim that this indicates thatopenness is related to the larger questions of information freedom and the enclosure of intellectual commons.The purpose of openness is described within the declarations as contributing to mechanisms of decentralized controlover information, which in itself generates a greater efficiency and lower costs in regards to scholarly communication.The second part of the study is concerned with the larger, overarching network and in what way the conceptualizationof openness can be seen as a network generated effect. To answer this question I deploy the theoreticaltools provided by ANT. Focus lies on how the declarations relate to each other and on how central actors havecontributed to the conceptualizations. The results show that openness and open access has shifting meanings thathave been modified in various ways. They also show that actors through a collective negotiation process defineand shape the meaning of openness by circulating ideas on electronic dissemination and distributed processes

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 61 p.
Uppsatser inom biblioteks- & informationsvetenskap, ISSN 1650-4267 ; 636
Keyword [en]
Open access publishing, Scholarly communication, Information commons, Actor-network theory
Keyword [sv]
Open access-publicering, forskningsinformation, allmänningar
National Category
Information Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-225970Local ID: 636OAI: diva2:723074
Subject / course
Library and Information Science
Educational program
Master Programme in ALM
Available from: 2014-06-10 Created: 2014-06-10 Last updated: 2014-06-10Bibliographically approved

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