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El uso de la música como estrategia didáctica en la enseñanza del pretérito perfecto compuesto en la sala escolar de ELE en Suecia
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
2013 (Spanish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The use of music in the teaching of the past perfect tense in the classroom of Spanish as a foreign language in Sweden (English)
Abstract [es]

Este estudio investiga la enseñanza del pretérito perfecto compuesto en el aula de españolcomo lengua extranjera a nivel escolar en Suecia. El objetivo de esta monografía es ver sipuede ser beneficioso enseñar el pretérito perfecto compuesto mediante canciones en español,que incluyen el pretérito perfecto compuesto en sus versos, como recurso didáctico. Losparticipantes son treinta y cuatro alumnos, divididos en dos grupos, de ELE en el octavo yocho profesores de español. Este estudio se realiza mediante observaciones en clase, dospruebas para los alumnos y una encuesta entre los profesores.Los resultados del estudio muestran que los profesores que participan en el estudio consideranque la mayoría de sus alumnos tienen problemas para aprender el pretérito perfectocompuesto. Los resultados de las pruebas indican que los alumnos que hacen parte del primergrupo de estudio, que tuvieron una enseñanza inductiva con canciones en español,aumentaron su destreza para utilizar el pretérito perfecto compuesto tanto con los verbosregulares como con los irregulares. Los alumnos que hicieron parte del segundo grupo,quienes recibieron una enseñanza deductiva, aumentaron su destreza en usar/aplicar elpretérito perfecto compuesto menos que el primer grupo cuando trata de los verbosirregulares. Sin embargo, estos alumnos aprendieron utilizar el pretérito perfecto compuestocon los verbos regulares mejor que los del primer grupo.Además, nos indigamos si se presentaba una posible diferencia en relación con el interés y lamotivación para aprender entre chicos y chicas dado el tema romántico de las canciones. Losresultados muestran una ligera mayoría en los resultados de las alumnas.

Abstract [en]

This study investigates the teaching of the past perfect tense in the Swedish classroom ofSpanish as a foreign language. The purpose of this essay is to see if it is profitable to teach thepast perfect tense with songs in Spanish, which include the past perfect tense in the lyrics, asan educational resource. The participants are thirtyfour students, divided into two groups, inthe eight grade who study Spanish as a foreign language, and eight Spanish teachers. Thestudy was made through observations in class, two tests by the students and a survey with theteachers.The results of the study show that the teachers who participated in the study consider that themajority of their students have problems learning the past perfect tense. Furthermore, theresults show that the students who were part of the first group, who received an inductiveeducation including Spanish music, increased their abilities of using the past perfect tenseboth with regular and irregular verbs. The students who were part of the second group andwho learnt/were taught by means of the deductive approach increased their abilities to use thepast perfect tense less than the first group when it came to the irregular verbs. However, theylearnt to use the past perfect tense with regular verbs better than the first group.Furthermore, we also investigated if there were any differences according to the interest andthe motivation to learn between the boys and the girls. The results were slightly higher amongthe girls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
past perfect tense, Spanish as a foreign language, music, Swedish school, inductive, deductive
Keyword [es]
pretérito perfecto compuesto, españool como lengua extranjera (ELE), música, escuela sueca, inductivo, deductivo
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-32360OAI: diva2:722869
Subject / course
Educational program
Teacher education
Available from: 2014-06-11 Created: 2014-06-09 Last updated: 2014-06-11Bibliographically approved

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