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Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskan som handledare
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors affecting the nurse as a tutor (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den viktigaste delen i en handlednings situation är det pedagogiska samtalet och att kontrollera kunskaperna kring en omvårdnadshandling. Frågan är hur handledarna upplever sin situation och vilka möjligheter som finns för att kunna uppfylla kraven på optimalt handledarskap. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva vilka faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskan som handledare. Studien genomfördes som en systematisk litteraturstudie med analys av 10 speciellt utvalda artiklar.

I resultatet framkom tre olika problemkategorier. Kategori 1 är hinder på vårdenheten som kan innebära brist på tid till handledning. Kategori 2 är bristande stöd från vårdenheten, från högskolan, från kollegor eller lärare. Kategori 3 innefattar otillräckliga kunskaper och erfarenheter vilket kan resultera i brist på bekräftelse. Ytterligare forskning kring handledning och faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskan som handleder behövs. Många av handledarna på vårdenheterna upplever stor osäkerhet kring handledningsprocessen och att stödet till handledare är bristfälligt. Trots att kraven på handledarna under verksamhetsförlagd utbildning ökar finns idag inga nationella krav eller riktlinjer kring vilken utbildning som är lämplig. Tydliga krav och regler som är väl förankrade i verksamheten skulle vara ett bra verktyg till att stödja handledaren i deras roll.

Abstract [en]

The most important factors in a tutorial session are the pedagogic discussions and making sure that the students have adequate knowledge for the nurse case under study. However, the question is how the tutors experience their situation and what resources and support they consider to be of importance in order to meet the demands for an optimum tutorial service. The aim of this study was to study factors affecting the nurse in the role as a tutor. The method was a systematic literature review and final detailed analysis of 10 specially selected articles.

The results showed that there are three different categories of problems. Category 1 includes obstacles within the nurse ward resulting in lack of time for nurses to perform tutorial activity. Category 2 problems are insufficient support from the health care unit, from the Nurse School, from colleagues or teachers. Category 3, finally, includes inadequate knowledge and experience from the tutor which may result in lack of acknowledgment. More studies on the nurse as a tutor and factors affecting the nurse in the tutorial role are needed. Many of the nurses on the health care units and wards are not feeling comfortable with the tutorial process, the support for the supervision being inadequate. Despite the increasing demands on the tutors during clinical education increases there are currently no national standards or guidelines that show what training is appropriate. Distinct demands and roles, deeply rooted in practical work, would be a god tool supporting the tutors in their teaching supervision.

.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
nurse, preceptor ship, supervisor, support
Keyword [sv]
handledarskap, handledare, sjuksköterska, stöd
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-25499DiVA: diva2:721687
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-10 Created: 2014-06-04 Last updated: 2014-06-10Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(605 kB)444 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Claesson, AnnaOhlsson, Lena
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