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Prevalens och behandling av parodontit hos yngre vuxna personer med diabetes typ 1
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka prevalensen av parodontit hos yngre vuxna personer i åldrarna 19-44 år med diabetes typ 1. Ett ytterligare syfte var att undersöka om behandling av parodontit med eller utan antibiotika ger effekt på parodontalt status samt på blodglukosvärdet. Studien är en allmän litteraturstudie som består av nio vetenskapliga artiklar som har sökts i databaserna PubMed och ScienceDirect. Fem artiklar handlade om prevalensen av parodontit hos personer med diabetes typ 1 och fyra artiklar om parodontal behandling med (n=2) eller utan antibiotika (n=2). Resultatet visade att parodontit var vanligare eller förekom i högre grad hos yngre vuxna personer med diabetes typ 1 jämfört med icke diabetiker. Parodontal behandling med eller utan antibiotika, visade en god förbättring av de parodontala parametrarna. Parodontal behandling utan antibiotika (n=2) redovisade olika resultat på blodglukosvärdet. Den ena studien visade en minskning på blodglukosvärdet medan den andra visade en förhöjning. Parodontal behandling med antibiotika (n=2) undersökte inte det glykemiska värdet.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of periodontitis in young adults aged 19-44 years with type 1 diabetes. A further aim was to investigate whether treatment of periodontitis with or without antibiotics has an effect on the periodontal parameters and the status of blood glucose level. The study is a literature review which consists of 9 scientific articles from the databases PubMed and ScienceDirect. Five articles included studies on the prevalence of periodontal disease in individuals with type 1 diabetes and four studies of periodontal treatment with (n= 2) and without antibiotics (n= 2). The results showed that there is more prevalence of periodontitis in young adults with diabetes type 1 than non-diabetics. The articles that investigated periodontal treatment with or without antibiotics showed a good improvement in the periodontal parameters. The studies of periodontal treatment without antibiotics (n=2) reported different results on blood glucose level. One study showed a reduction in blood glucose level, while the other study showed an increase. Periodontal treatment with antibiotics (n=2) did not investigated the glycemic value.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Bloodglucose level, diabetes mellitus type 1, peridontal disease, periodontitis, periodontal treatment
Keyword [sv]
Blodglukos värde, diabetes mellitus typ 1, parodontal sjukdom, parodontit, parodontal behandling
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-12063OAI: diva2:721324
Subject / course
Educational program
Study Programme in Oral Health
Available from: 2014-06-16 Created: 2014-06-03 Last updated: 2014-06-16Bibliographically approved

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