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Depression, Anxiety and Stress among patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: A quantitative study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Introduction: Previous research showed that comorbidities that are common in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) are anxiety and depression. Furthermore, stress can be associated with more depressive symptoms. Patients suffering from depression along with an additional medical condition, tend to have more severe symptoms in both depression and their medical illness.

 

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate depression, anxiety, and stress among COPD patients, and also to examine if there was a difference in levels of depression, anxiety and stress between genders, and between COPD patients and patients with COPD together with comorbid chronic condition.

 

Method: This study had a descriptive and cross-sectional design with a quantitative method. The data collection took place at a respiratory ward at Cho Ray Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Sixty two COPD patients, both men and women, participated voluntarily by answering a questionnaire. Virginia Henderson´s nursing theory was used as a theoretical framework. Data analysis was conducted through using the statistical program SPSS.

 

Result: More than half of the COPD patients (88.8%) presented symptoms of depression, 93.5% presented symptoms of anxiety, and 54.8% presented symptoms of stress. There was a statistical significance between genders among COPD patients in anxiety, where all female participants (100%) showed extremely severe levels of anxiety. In levels of extreme severity, both patients with only COPD diagnosis and patients with COPD and comorbid chronic condition presented symptoms in both depression and anxiety, but not in levels of stress.  

 

Conclusion: COPD patients in Ho Chi Minh City presented high levels of depression and anxiety. In addition, levels of stress were present, although not as high as depression and anxiety among this patient group. More information concerning psychological distress needs to be offered by healthcare professionals to COPD patients. Further research in this field is desirable.

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Introduktion: Tidigare forskning visar att depression och ångest är vanligt förekommande bland patienter med Kroniskt Obstruktiv Lungsjukdom (KOL). Stress kan associeras med flera depressiva symtom. Patienter som lider av depression tillsammans med annat mediciniskt tillstånd kan ha en tendens att utveckla svårare symptom i sin depression och sitt medicinska tillstånd.

 

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka depression, ångest och stress hos patienter med KOL och om skillnader fanns mellan kön. Vidare önskades skillnader undersökas mellan patienter med enbart KOL och patienter med KOL och annat kroniskt tillstånd.  

 

Metod: Studien är en deskriptiv tvärsnittsstudie, med kvantitativ metod. Datainsamling utfördes på en respiratorisk avdelning på Cho Ray sjukhuset i Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Sextio-två KOL-patienter, både män och kvinnor, deltog frivilligt genom att besvara en enkät. Virginia Hendersons omvårdnadsteori användes i detta arbete. Dataanalysen utfördes med hjälp av SPSS programmet.

 

Resultat: Mer än hälften (88,8 %) av KOL-patienterna visade symtom på depression, 93,5% för ångest, samt 54,8 % visade symtom för stress. Det fanns en statistisk signifikant skillnad mellan könen avseende ångest, där alla kvinnliga deltagare (100 %) visade extremt allvarliga nivåer av ångest. Patienter med enbart KOL-diagnos och patienter med KOL tillsammans med andra kroniska tillstånd uppvisade extremt allvarliga nivåer av både depression och ångest, dock inte av stress.

 

Slutsats: KOL-patienter i Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, uppvisar höga nivåer av depression och ångest. Höga stressnivåer bland deltagare kunde ses, dock inte i lika hög utsträckning som depression och ångest i denna patientgrupp. Mer studier i detta ämne är önskvärt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
COPD, Ho Chi Minh City, Depression, Anxiety, Stress
Keyword [sv]
KOL, Ho Chi Minh City, Depression, Ångest, Stress
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-225346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-225346DiVA: diva2:720714
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-03 Created: 2014-06-02 Last updated: 2014-06-03Bibliographically approved

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