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Att smärtlindra en obefintlig extremitet: Upplevelser av fantomsmärtans komplexitet
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How to alleviate pain in a non existing extremity – experiences and complexity of the phantom limb pain (English)
Abstract [sv]

Fantomsmärta är ett komplext fenomen som drabbar många patienter efter amputation av extremitet. Syftet var att utforska hur fantomsmärtor efter amputation av extremitet kan upplevas och lindras. Litteraturstudiens resultat utgörs av 15 vetenskapliga artiklar som presenteras i tre huvudteman vilka är fantomsmärtans komplexitet, lindring genom transkutan elektrisk nervstimulering och lindring genom rörelseterapi. Det har visat sig att upplevelsen av fantomsmärta medför en negativ påverkan för patienter efter amputation av extremitet. Olika behandlingsmetoder till exempel transkutan elektrisk nervstimulering och rörelseterapi har beprövats med varierande resultat. Vidare forskning är nödvändig för att klarlägga den bakomliggande patofysiologin gällande fantomfenomenet för att generera bättre anpassade lindringsmetoder. Vidare forskning är även angelägen för att få en ökad förståelse för patienters upplevelser kring smärtproblematiken. Utformande av PM gällande vård av patienter som lider av fantomsmärtor efter amputation av extremitet vore betydelsefulla.

Abstract [en]

Phantom limb pain is a complex phenomenon that affects numerous patients following amputation of the extremities. The aim of this study was to explore how phantom limb pain following amputation of extremities can be experienced and alleviated. The study was conducted as a literature review where 15 scientific articles were the basis for the results. Three major themes are presented in the result: the complexity of phantom limb pain, alleviation through transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and alleviation through movement therapy. It has been shown that the experiences of phantom limb have a negative impact on patients following amputation of extremities. Different options regarding treatment, for example transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and movement theory, has been proven with variation in the results. Further research is required to elucidate the underlyingpathophysiology regarding the phantom phenomenon for better understanding and suitable alleviation options. Specific guidelines regarding nursing for patients who suffer from phantom limb pain would be of importance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Alleviation, amputation, experiences, nursing, phantom limb pain
Keyword [sv]
Amputation, fantomsmärta, lindring, omvårdnad, upplevelser
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-25430DiVA: diva2:719767
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-05 Created: 2014-05-27 Last updated: 2014-06-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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