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The role of basic needs satisfaction in the prediction of university students exercise behavior and well-being
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Departement of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California, 2014, 374-374 p.Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Despite the growing body of research supporting the positive effects of exercise on both psychological and physiological well-being, most people do not engage in regular exercise. Grounded in Self-Determination Theory, the purpose of this study was to examine relationships between basic needs satisfaction, self-efficacy, motivation, exercise behavior and well-being among Swedish university students.

Methods: A set of instruments measuring basic needs satisfaction, barrier self-efficacy, motivation, well-being, and exercise behaviors was distributed at a university in southern Sweden. The respondents (n=260) were men (n=122) and women (n=138) with a mean age of 22. To analyze and process the gathered data, SPSS was used with Pearson’s r and Multiple Regression Analysis.

Results: The results showed that competence, autonomy and relatedness were positive predictors of self-determined motivation. Identified regulation, intrinsic regulation and barrier self-efficacy were positive predictors for strenuous exercise. Moreover, positive correlations between all the basic needs, strenuous exercise and well-being were shown. No significant correlations between light or moderate exercise and the independent variables appeared.

Conclusions: This study provides further support for Self-Determination Theory and Self-Efficacy Theory. To promote strenuous exercise and well-being among Swedish university students it appears important to create a need supportive exercise environment, where the basic needs can be satisfied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 374-374 p.
National Category
Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25420OAI: diva2:719424
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, United States, 21-24 May, 2014
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2015-11-13Bibliographically approved

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