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The role of autonomy and controlling teachers behaviors on pupils needs satisfaction and needs thwarting
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Departement of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: ISBNPA 2014 Abstract Book: 21-24 May: San Diego, California, 2014, 325-325 p.Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Physical Education (PE) can be of importance for increasing pupils’ physical activity (PA) levels, whereas the PE teachers may play an important role in motivating the pupils to engage in PA. Based on the tenets of Self-Determination Theory (SDT), the overall aim of this study is to explore social conditions that satisfies versus thwarts the basic psychological needs of pupils, and in turn impacts well-/ill-being and behavior outcomes in the PE context.

Methods: A set of SDT-based instruments measuring perceived autonomy supportive/controlling teacher behaviors, needs satisfaction/thwarting, motivation, and physical (in)activity will be distributed to about 200 pupils in grades seven to nine.Structural equation modeling will be used to test a proposed working model.

Results: On the one hand, it is expected that if the pupils perceive their PE teacher as autonomy supportive this will satisfy the pupils’ basic needs, and in turn lead to more self-determined motivation and enhanced well-being. Self-determined motivation will in turn predict healthy behaviors, such as PA. On the other hand, it is expected that if the pupils perceive their PE teacher as controlling this will thwart the pupils’ basic needs, and in turn lead to more controlled motivation and greater ill-being. Controlled motivation will in turn predict unhealthy behaviors, such as physical inactivity.

Conclusions: There is a lack of knowledge in the literature regarding the effects of controlling teachers’ behavior on pupils’ needs thwarting and ill-being. This knowledge should be considered essential when developing future interventions and educating new PE teachers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 325-325 p.
National Category
Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25419OAI: diva2:719423
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, United States, 21-24 May, 2014
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2015-11-13Bibliographically approved

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