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Strålskydd för personal som arbetar inom Interventionell Radiologi
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Trots en snabb utveckling av undersökningsmetoderna inom IR har inte strålskydden utvecklats i samma takt. Den joniserande strålning som förekommer på modaliteten kan medföra en hälsorisk för personalen därav finns det stråldosgränser att hålla sig inom för att minimera risken för yrkesrelaterade strålskador. För att förebygga risken för strålningsrelaterade skador är det viktigt att undersöka olika metoder av skydd för att optimera personalens strålsäkerhet.Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa metoder för att reducera stråldosen för personal verksam vid interventionell radiologi.Metod: Sökningarna av artiklarna genomfördes i databaserna CINAHL, PubMed och Scopus varav 13 studier valdes ut, kvalitetsgranskades samt analyserades kritiskt med utgångspunkt från en innehållsanalys.Resultat: Resultatet visade på 11 strålskyddsmetoder för personalen: blyförkläde med thyroideablyskydd, Suspended Personal Radiation Protection System, blyglasögon, blyhandskar, takfäst blyglas, golvbaserade blyglas, patientblyskydd, direktdigital dosimeter, avstånd till patienten genom automatisk kontrastspruta, vismut-bariumöverdrag samt erfarenhet och information.Konklusion: Trots att metoderna enskild reducerade stråldosen till personalen skulle det kunna vara mer effektivt att kombinera olika strålskydd för bättre reduceringseffekt. Genom resultatet anser författarna att fortsatt forskning krävs inom utvecklandet av nya strålskydd som är mer ergonomiska mot personalen samt hur strålskydden påverkar patienterna både fysiskt och psykiskt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Despite the fast development of examination methods in IR, the development of the radiation protections has not been as rapid. Ionizing radiation that occurs in the modality can be a threat to the personnel of which there are radiation dose limits to keep within in order to minimize the risk of occupational radiation damage. In order to minimize the risk of occupational radiation damage, it is of importance to explore different methods to optimize the radiation protection for the personnel.Purpose: The aim of this study was to illuminate methods to reduce the radiation dose to personnel working in interventional radiology.Method: Searches were conducted in the databases CINAHL, PubMed and Scopus from which 13 studies were selected, viewed and analyzed with basis from a content analysis.Results: The results showed 11 different radiation protection methods for the staff were identified and those were: lead apron with a thyroid lead shield, Suspended Personal Radiation Protection System, leaded eyeglasses, leaded gloves, ceiling suspended leaded shield, rolling leaded shield, patient lead shield, real-time dosimeter, distance to the patient through an automatic power injector, bismuth - barium shielding and experience and information.Conclusion: Although the methods individual reduced radiation dose to the personnel, it might be more efficient to combine the various radiation protections for better reduction effect. The authors recommend that further research is required in the development of new radiation protection that is more ergonomic to the personnel and how the radiation shields affects patients both physically and psychologically.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
Interventional radiology, personnel and radiation protection
Keyword [sv]
Interventionell radiologi, personal och strålskydd
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-89179OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-89179DiVA: diva2:719255
Educational program
Diagnostic Radiology Nursing Programme; Diagnostic Radiology Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-08-26 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2015-08-26Bibliographically approved

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