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Kraften av massage och musik: Betydelsen av komplementära behandlingar i palliativ omvårdnad
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The power of music and massage - The meaning of complementary therapies in palliative care (English)
Abstract [sv]

De flesta personer i livets slutskede behöver palliativ omvårdnad före döden. Farmakologisk symtomlindring är den vanligaste behandlingen, dock medför detta flera biverkningar.  ntresset av komplementära behandlingar har ökat och både musik och massage kan påverka fysiologiska och psykologiska aspekter. Syftet var att belysa komplementära behandlingars betydelse i den palliativa omvårdnaden, med inriktning på massage och musik. Studien utfördes som en systematisk litteraturstudie. Det framkom att massage och musik kan ha betydelse inom flera användningsområden så som symtomlindring, avslappning,  sinnesstämning och känslor, andlighet och slutligen anhörigas delaktighet och upplevelser. Musiken hade inte alltid effekt och kunde i vissa fall påverka patienter negativt. De komplementära behandlingarna kan ha stor betydelse vid omvårdnad av patienter som kräver palliativ vård. Fysiologiska, psykologiska och andliga aspekter kan påverkas positivt samt hjälpa till att involvera och symtomlindra anhöriga, men patienter kan även påverkas negativt om inte behandlingarna blir individinriktade. Vidare forskning krävs för att kunna implementera komplementära behandlingar i den palliativa omvårdnaden samt bevisa deras betydelse.

Abstract [en]

Most people at the end of life needpalliative care before death.Pharmacologic relief of symptom is themost common treatment, though thiscauses several side effects. The interestin complementary treatments hasincreased lately and both massage andmusic can affect both physiological andpsychological aspects.The aim of this study was to illustratethe meaning of complementarytreatments in palliative care, with focuson massage and music.The study was performed as asystematic review.It appeared that massage and music mayhave significance in several usage areas,such as symptom relief, relaxation,mood and feelings, spirituality andultimately relatives participation andexperiences. It was also shown thatmusic did not always have any effect,and it may have a negative effect onpatients.The complementary therapies may havea significant meaning in the treatment ofpatients receiving palliative care.Physiological, psychological and spiritual aspects can be affected positively, aswell as help to involve family membersin the treatment of the ill and alleviatetheir symptoms, but unless thetreatments are individualized they mayhave a negative effect on patients.Further research is needed to implementcomplementary treatments in thepalliative care and provide evidence fortheir meaning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Complementary therapies, massage, music, palliative care
Keyword [sv]
Komplementära behandlingar, massage, musik, palliativ omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25365OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-25365DiVA: diva2:717817
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-05-27 Created: 2014-05-17 Last updated: 2014-05-27Bibliographically approved

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