A Formal Approach for Designing Distributed Self-Adaptive Systems
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Engineering contemporary distributed software applications is a challenging task due to the dynamic operating conditions in which these systems have to function. Examples are dynamic availability of resources, errors that are difficult to predict, and changing user requirements. These dynamics can affect a number of quality concerns of a system, such as robustness, openness, and performance. The challenges of engineering software systems with such dynamics have motivated the need for self-adaptation. Self-adaptation is based on the principle of separation of concerns, distinguishing two well defined systems: a managed system that deals with domain specific concerns and a managing system that deals with particular quality concerns of the managed system through adaptation with a feedback loop. State of the art in self- adaptation advocates the use of formal methods to specify and verify the system's behavior in order to provide evidence that the system's goals are satisfied. However, little work has been done on the consolidation of design knowledge to model and verify self-adaptation behaviors.
To support designers, this thesis contributes with a set of formally specified templates for the specification and verification of self-adaptive behaviors of a family of distributed self-adaptive systems. The templates are based on the MAPE-K reference model (Monitor-Analyze-Plan-Execute plus Knowledge). The templates comprise: (1) behavior specification patterns for modeling the different MAPE components of a feedback loop, and (2) property specification patterns that support verification of the correctness of the adaptation behaviors. The target domain are distributed applications in which self-adaptation is used for managing resources for robustness and openness requirements. The templates are derived from expertise with developing several self-adaptive systems, including a collaborative mobile learning application in which we have applied self-adaptation to make the system robust to degrading GPS accuracy, and a robotic system in which we apply self-adaptation to support different types of openness requirements. We demonstrate the reusability of the templates in a number of case studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2014. , 275 p.
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 171/2014
Self-Adaptive systems, Formal Methods, MAPE-K, Robustness, Openness, Mobile Learning
Research subject Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Computer Science; Computer and Information Sciences Computer Science, Media Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-34195ISBN: 978-91-87427-85-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-34195DiVA: diva2:717423
2014-05-12, Weber, 351 95, Växjö, 13:00 (English)
Baresi, Luciano, Professor
Weyns, Danny, ProfessorMilrad, Marcelo, ProfessorAndersson, Jesper