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Strålskydd för barn vid konventionell röntgen: En litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Forskning visar att barn är känsligare för joniserande strålning än vuxna. Röntgenundersökningar får inte utföras i onödan och nyttan med undersökningen skall överstiga dess risker. Det är viktigt att optimera röntgenundersökningar och så långt som möjligt minimera stråldoser utan att påverka det diagnostiska resultatet, då forskning visar att även låga stråldoser kan ge upphov till DNA-skador och i förlängningen orsaka cancer. Syfte: Att beskriva metoder som optimerar röntgenundersökningar och minskar stråldosen till barn vid konventionell röntgen. Metod: Litteraturstudie vars resultat är baserat på 14 vetenskapliga artiklar funna i databaserna PubMed och CINAHL samt via manuell sökning. Resultat: Det fanns ett flertal metoder och tillvägagångssätt som optimerar röntgenundersökningar och minskar stråldosen till barn vid konventionell röntgen. Metoderna berörde åtgärder i undersökningsrummet, parametrar, filtrering och ny teknik. Konklusion: Röntgensjuksköterskor med kunskap om optimering har goda möjligheter att sänka stråldoser till barn vid konventionell röntgen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Research shows that children are more sensitive to ionizing radiation than adults. X-ray imaging may not be performed unnecessarily and its necessity must exceed the risks. It is important to optimize the imaging and as far as possible minimize the radiation dose without affecting the diagnostic performance negatively. Research shows that even low doses of radiation can cause DNA damage and ultimately induce cancer. Objective: The aim of this paper was to describe methods that optimize the x-ray examination and reduce radiation doses to children in conventional radiography. Method: A literature study whose results are based on 14 scientific articles found in the databases PubMed and CINAHL and manual searches. Results: There were several methods that optimize the x-ray examination and reduce the radiation doses to children in conventional radiography. These methods concern approaches in the examination room, parameters, filtering and new technology. Conclusion: Radiographers’ with knowledge of optimization have good opportunities to lower radiation doses in x-ray examinations of children in conventional radiography.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 32 p.
Keyword [sv]
Barn, konventionell röntgen, optimering, dosreducering, röntgensjuksköterska, Children, conventional radiography, optimization, dose reduction, radiographer
National Category
Nursing Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88785OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-88785DiVA: diva2:717347
Educational program
Diagnostic Radiology Nursing Programme; Diagnostic Radiology Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-03-31 Created: 2014-05-14 Last updated: 2016-03-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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