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Varför väljer vuxna i Sverige att följa olika former av dieter?: En studie om orsak till samt val av diet
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Why do adults in Sweden choose to follow some kind of diet? : A study about reasons for and choice of a diet (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Dieter får allt större utrymme i media samtidigt som allt fler följer någon diet.

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka varför vuxna personer i Sverige valt att följa någon form av diet. Vidare undersöktes bland annat socioekonomiska faktorers inverkan på valet av diet.

Metod: En webbaserad enkät distribuerades via Facebook där 235 personer deltog genom ett bekvämlighetsurval. Enkäten bestod av 23 slutna frågor. Svaren sammanställdes och analyserades i IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0. Resultaten analyserades med hjälp av Chi-2 test, Mann Whitney U test samt boxplots. Signifikansnivån sattes till p<0,05.

Resultat: Studien visade att fler kvinnor än män, fler överviktiga än normalviktiga samt fler deltagare bosatt i samhällen än städer följt någon diet (p=0,001, p=0,002 respektive p=0,047). Vanligaste förekommande diet var LCHF och den vanligaste orsaken att följa en diet var för att må bra följt av utseendemässiga skäl. Främsta anledningen till att följa sin dåvarande eller senaste diet var för att deltagaren ansåg den hållbar. Deltagarna angav att de kom i kontakt med sin dåvarande eller senaste diet via vän, familj eller bekant, detta angavs även som vanligaste sättet att få vidare kunskap om dieten.

Slutsats: En diet är inte per automatik hälsosam och en definition skulle underlätta framtida arbete inom området. För att förändra befolkningens kostvanor kan de sociala faktorerna vara av stor betydelse.

Abstract [en]

Background: Diets receive increasing media attention while more and more follow some kind of a diet.

Objective: The aim was to investigate if and why adults in Sweden have chosen to follow any kind of diet. The impact of socioeconomics factors, on the choice of following a diet, were further analysed.

Method: A web-based survey was distributed via Facebook where 235 people participated through a convenience sample. The questionnaire consisted of 23 closed questions. Responses were compiled and analyzed in IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0. The results were analyzed using the Chi-2 test, Mann Whitney U test and boxplots. The significance level was set at p <0.05.

Results: The study showed that more women than men, more obese than normal-weight and more participants living in smaller municipalities than cities followed some kind of diet (p = 0.001, p = 0.002 and p = 0.047). Most common diet was LCHF and the most common reason to follow a diet was to feel good followed by reasons of appearance, which was the same for both sexes. Most common reason to choose their, for the time ongoing or latest diet, was that it was considered sustainable. Participants indicated that they came in contact with that same diet by friend, family or acquaintance who also were indicated as the most common way to gain further knowledge about the diet.

Conclusion: A diet is not automatically healthy and a definition would facilitate future work in the field. In order to change people's eating habits social factors can play an important role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [sv]
Diet, kostvanor, socioekonomiska faktorer, sociala faktorer, vikt, LCHF, 5:2, GI
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88749OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-88749DiVA: diva2:717204
Subject / course
Uppsats i kostvetenskap
Educational program
Food and nutrition programme
Available from: 2014-05-14 Created: 2014-05-14 Last updated: 2014-05-14Bibliographically approved

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