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Övervakning av metaller och organiska miljögifter i marin biota, 2011
Executive, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, NRM.
Executive, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, NRM.
Executive, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, NRM.
Executive, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, NRM.
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2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Comments Concerning the National Swedish Contaminant Monitoring Programme in Marine Biota, 2011 (English)
Abstract [sv]

The environmental toxicants examined in this report can be classified into five groups –

heavy metals, chlorinated compounds, brominated flame retardants, polyaromatic

hydrocarbons and perfluorinated compounds. Each of these contaminants has been

examined from various sites for up to six different fish species, in blue mussels, and in

guillemot eggs, for varying lengths of time. The following summary examines overall

trends, spatial and temporal, for the five groups.

Condition and Fat Content

Condition and fat content in different species tended to follow the same pattern at the same

sites, with a few exceptions. Most of the fish species generally displayed a decreasing trend

in both condition and fat content at most sites examined. Exceptions to this were increases

in fat content seen in herring (the last ten years) and cod at Fladen; an increase in condition

for herring at Ängskärsklubb in spring; and in perch, a decrease in fat content at

Kvädöfjärden but no trend in condition for the same site.

Heavy Metals

Due to a change in methods for metal analysis (not Hg) in 2004, values between 2003 and

2007 should be interpreted with care. From 2009 metals are analyzed at ITM, Stockholm


The longer time series in guillemot egg and spring-caught herring from the southern

Bothnian Sea and southern Baltic Proper show significant decreases of mercury. The

herring site in the southern Bothnain Sea indicates a local Hg-source. The rest of the time

series show varying concentrations over the study period, and even increasing trends in e.g.

cod muscle and blue mussels, but the concentrations are fairly low compared to measured

concentrations in perch from fresh water and coastal sites. However, in most cases, these

concentrations are above the newly suggested EU-target level of 20 ng/g wet weight.

Lead is generally decreasing over the study period (in time series of sufficient length),

supposedly due to the elimination of lead in gasoline. Elevated lead concentrations between

2003 and 2007 (e.g. Harufjärden) should be viewed with caution (see above regarding

change in analysis methods).

Cadmium concentrations show varying non-linear trends over the monitored period. It is

worth noting that despite several measures taken to reduce discharges of cadmium,

generally the most recent concentrations are similar to concentrations measured 30 years

ago in the longer time series.

The reported nickel concentrations show no consistent decreasing trends. Some series begin

with two elevated values that exert a strong leverage effect on the regression line and may

give a false impression of decreasing trends. Chromium generally shows decreasing trends,

possibly explained by a shift in analytical method. The essential trace metals, copper and

zinc, show no consistent trends during the monitored period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 225 p.
, Report / NRM, 7:2011
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Finance, National; Miljöövervakningens programområden, Coast and sea; Coast and sea, Metaller och organiska miljögifter i biologiskt material; Environmental Objectives, A Balanced Marine Environ­ment, Flourishing Coastal Areas and Archipelagos; Environmental Objectives, A Non-Toxic Environment
URN: urn:nbn:se:naturvardsverket:diva-974OAI: diva2:717191
Available from: 2014-05-14 Created: 2014-05-14 Last updated: 2014-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, NRMStockholms universitet, SUUmeå universitet, UmU
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