THAOS: Gastrointestinal manifestations of transthyretin amyloidosis - common complications of a rare disease
2014 (English)In: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, ISSN 1750-1172, Vol. 9, no 1, 61- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Transthyretin amyloidosis is a systemic disorder caused by amyloid deposits formed by misfolded transthyretin monomers. Two main forms exist: hereditary and wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis, the former associated with transthyretin gene mutations. There are several disease manifestations; however, gastrointestinal complications are common in the hereditary form. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and distribution of gastrointestinal manifestations in transthyretin amyloidosis and to evaluate their impact on the patients' nutritional status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).
METHODS: The Transthyretin Amyloidosis Outcomes Survey (THAOS) is the first global, multicenter, longitudinal, observational survey that collects data on patients with transthyretin amyloidosis and the registry is sponsored by Pfizer Inc. This study presents baseline data from patients enrolled in THAOS as of June 2013. The modified body mass index (mBMI), in which BMI is multiplied with serum albumin, was used to assess the nutritional status and the EQ-5D Index was used to assess HRQoL.
RESULTS: Data from 1579 patients with hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis and 160 patients with wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis were analyzed. Sixty-three percent of those with the hereditary form and 15% of those with the wild-type form reported gastrointestinal symptoms at enrollment. Unintentional weight loss and early satiety were the most frequent symptoms, reported by 32% and 26% of those with transthyretin gene mutations, respectively. Early-onset patients (<50 years) reported gastrointestinal complaints more frequently than those with a late onset (p < 0.001) and gastrointestinal symptoms were more common in patients with the V30M mutation than in those with other mutations (p < 0.001). For patients with predominantly cardiac complications, the prevalence of gastrointestinal manifestations was not evidently higher than that expected in the general population. Both upper and lower gastrointestinal symptoms were significant negative predictors of mBMI and the EQ-5D Index Score (p < 0.001 for all).
CONCLUSIONS: Gastrointestinal symptoms were common in patients with hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis and had a significant negative impact on their nutritional status and HRQoL. However, patients with wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis or transthyretin mutations associated with predominantly cardiac complications did not show an increased prevalence of gastrointestinal disturbances.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2014. Vol. 9, no 1, 61- p.
Amyloid, Amyloid neuropathies, Amyloidosis, Hereditary, Cardiomyopathies, Secondary, Gastrointestinal disorders, Functional, Nutritional status, Quality of life, Transthyretin
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-88742DOI: 10.1186/1750-1172-9-61ISI: 000335261900001PubMedID: 24767411OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-88742DiVA: diva2:717127