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Playing with Capital: Inherited and acquired assets in a jazz audition
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
2015 (English)In: Poetics (Amsterdam. Print), ISSN 0304-422X, E-ISSN 0048-4571, Vol. 48, 83-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A common dream among the youth is to become a successful musician. By surveying young aspiring jazz musicians trying to enter a prestigious audition, this paper examines assets and attitudes involved in the formation of a music field. In the study we build on Bourdieusian sociological theory and method in order to map out a space of jazz applicants and characterize the group(s) seeking to enter. Our findings, based on a specific multiple correspondence analysis performed on 211 applicants, suggest that the space of jazz applicants is structured by three important factors: (i) the total volume of music capital, (ii) commitment to the (professional) field of practice and (iii) the familiarity acquired through previous music socialization and training. Using clustering techniques, we further distinguish four distinct groups among the applicants - the Insiders, Outsiders, Inheritors and Underdogs - and reveal the success rate of the groups. We find that the acquisition and enactment of a specific music capital is of particular importance for elite music admissions, while at the same time the sizeable number of musically affluent candidates turns the audition into an event underscored with considerable uncertainty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 48, 83-106 p.
Keyword [en]
Music capital, jazz education, selection, auditions, Bourdieu, cultural production, gatekeepers
National Category
Musicology Sociology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106593DOI: 10.1016/j.poetic.2014.12.002ISI: 000350936100006OAI: diva2:716889

On the day of the defence date the status of this article was Manuscript. The original sub title was Inherited and acquiredcapital in jazz school auditioning.

Available from: 2014-05-13 Created: 2014-05-13 Last updated: 2015-04-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Skolning i jazz: Värde, selektion och studiekarriär vid folkhögskolornas musiklinjer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skolning i jazz: Värde, selektion och studiekarriär vid folkhögskolornas musiklinjer
2014 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Avhandlingen består av fyra empiriskt orienterade artiklar där studiekarriärer till och från folkhögskolornas musiklinjer studeras. Med utgångspunkt i relationell utbildningssociologi, metodologiskt såväl som teoretiskt, analyseras musiklinjernas sociala rekrytering, inträdesregler och relation till högre utbildning och professionella musikfält. Med hjälp av statistisk från individdataregister och enkätundersökningar riktade till musiklinjeansvariga tecknas en bild av det utbildningslandskap där folkhögskolelinjerna i musik är en del. Genom etnografiskt fältarbete av de mest prestigefyllda jazzlinjerna och deras musikauditions, undersöks hur det går till när urvalet till de dominerande linjerna sker. Resultaten visar hur musiken vuxit till att bli den volymmässigt största inriktningen bland folkhögskolornas särskilda linjer och hur de är att betrakta som intermediärt positionerade i det svenska utbildningslandskapet i musik. Musiklinjerna visar sig hierarkiskt organiserade mellan högt och lågt och differentierade mellan elit- och massutbildningar. Argumentet framförs att man kan betrakta tillgångar i musik som en särskild kapitalform, vad som i avhandlingen benämns ett musikkapital, vilket gradvis differentieras och blir beroende av genrespecifika erkännanden. Selektionen till musiklinjerna i jazz präglas av en serie spänningsförhållanden mellan tradition och förnyelse, teknik och känsla, regelföljande och regelbrott samt mellan institutionella och karismatiska värderingspraktiker.

Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the music careers to and from folk high school training programs through four empirical articles. Building on relational sociological theory and methods, predominantly the work of Pierre Bourdieu, the thesis first provides a cartographic analysis of the cultural hierarchies of folk high school music training within the Swedish educational landscape. The investigations show how music has grown to become the biggest thematic orientation among the specialized programs of the folk high schools. They also reveal how these programs can be positioned at an intermediary stage, while being differentiated between mass- and elite- schooling. Next, the thesis outlines detailed analyses of the recruitment base of the dominating music programs in jazz and the study careers of their participants. By means of relational statistical methods, we investigate the inclusion into and exclusion from elite educational programs in jazz, and uncover the force and composition of a specific form of music capital. Analysis from an in-depth ethnographic account of the gatekeeping procedures of jazz auditions allows for the discussion of several tensions between evaluation and value, rulefollowing and rule-transgression, as well as charismatic and institutional means of valuation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 113 inkl. Appendix 1 och 2 p.
Linköping Studies in Behavioural Science, ISSN 1654-2029 ; 183
Jazz music; Bourdieu; Swedish music education; folk high schools; sociology of music education; music capital; valuation; music auditions, Jazz; musikkapital; folkhögskola, musikkarriär; musikutbildning, audition; Bourdieu; utbildningssociologi; kultursociologi
National Category
Musicology Educational Sciences Sociology
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106595 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-106595 (DOI)978-91-7519-347-2 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-06-02, I:101, I-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2014-05-13 Created: 2014-05-13 Last updated: 2014-05-13Bibliographically approved

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