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RISK FÖR UTSATTHET HOS BARN OCH UNGDOMARMED FUNKTIONSNEDSÄTTNING
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Risks for vulnerability in children and adolescents with disabilities (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande litteraturstudie var att undersöka om det finns risk för utsatthet förbarn och ungdomar med olika typer av funktionsnedsättning och i vilka miljöer utsatthetenkan förekomma. Tre teman upptäcktes under uppsatsens gång och dessa var kroppsfunktion,aktivitet och delaktighet samt omgivningsfaktorer. Tidigare forskning visade på de olikariskerna som barn med funktionsnedsättning kunde utsättas för och i vilken utsträckning.Riskerna varierade från psykiska, fysiska och sexuella övergrepp till mobbning och mindredeltagande i olika fritids- och skolaktiviteter. Uppsatsen var en systematisk litteraturöversiktvilket innebar att inom det specifika ämnesområdet söka, granska och sammanställa befintliglitteratur. Resultatet av litteraturstudien visade att barn med funktionsnedsättning löper enhögre risk för olika typer av utsatthet i jämförelse till barn utan funktionsnedsättning. Detvisade även att barn med funktionsnedsättning deltar i mindre antal aktiviteter i skolan ochpå fritiden än barn utan funktionsnedsättning samt att både hemmiljö och skolan kundeinnebära risk för utsatthet. Flickor med funktionsnedsättning var överrepresenterade inomriskkategorin sexuella övergrepp. Slutsatser som kunde dras var att socioekonomiskafaktorer hade ett samband med om barn med funktionsnedsättning blev utsatta eller inte.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study review was to examine risk for vulnerability of children and youth with disabilities and in which kind of environments. Three themes were discovered during the study and these were body functioning, activity and participation and surrounding factors. Earlier studies showed the different kinds of risks that children with disabilities could be vulnerable for and in what extent. The risks varied from physical, psychological and sexual abuse to bullying and less participation in various school- and out-of-school activities. The study was a systematic review which means to search, examine and compile existing literature of the topic at hand. The results showed that children with disabilities are at increased risk for different types of vulnerability in comparison to children without disabilities. It also showed that children with disabilities participate less in activities at school and out of school than children without disabilities and that home- and school environments did propose a risk for vulnerability. Girls with disabilities were overrepresented in the risk category of sexual abuse. Conclusions that could be drawn from this review were that socioeconomic factors had a relation with children with disabilities being or not being vulnerable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
children, disability, risk factors, environment, participation
Keyword [sv]
barn, funktionsnedsättning, utsatthet, riskfaktorer, miljö, deltagande
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-24967OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-24967DiVA: diva2:716078
Subject / course
Social Work
Presentation
2014-04-21, MDH, Drottninggatan 12 631 05, Eskilstuna, 23:24 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-07-01 Created: 2014-05-07 Last updated: 2014-07-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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