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Retail Location
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis in hand presents four individual chapters, all of which explore the spatial aspects of the retail sector. The theoretical framework used in all four papers is vastly rooted in the urban and regional economics literature. Using novel data from Sweden for the application of various econometric methods, the thesis investigates (i) the distance sensitivity of demand and market reach for various types of retail activities, (ii) the spatial composition of retail markets and co-location patterns between the various branches of the sector, (iii) the spatial determinants of independent retailers’ productivity, and (iv) the relationship between the retail sector and place attractiveness.

The first paper (co-authored with Johan Klaesson) establishes a methodological framework for estimating distance decay and market accessibility for various types of retail activities given a lack of consumer data. The paper addresses the heterogeneous nature of the sector and provides a solid categorization for various types of retail activities. The second paper (coauthored with Johan P. Larsson) employs a unique empirical approach to characterize the location and co-location of retailers in the metropolitan markets. The analysis captures the co-location tendencies between various types of retailers at a highly disaggregated  geographical level, where the importance of access to demand in the pertinent urban landscape is also accentuated.

In the third paper, I investigate the spatial determinants of retail productivity. The focus of the paper is on the influence of market size and regional hierarchy on the productivity of independent retailers. The results show a higher productivity premium from the immediate market potential for stores located in central markets compared to stores located in non-central markets. On the other hand, regional market potential is found to play an equally important role for the productivity of stores located both in central and non-central markets. In the fourth paper, I address the role of retail as an urban amenity. In the empirical analysis, to capture the relevance of consumption possibilities for place attractiveness, “access to stores” measures are constructed for both the municipal and regional levels. Although consumption possibilities in the region are found to be positively associated with the place attractiveness of both rural and city municipalities, store access in municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant only for the place attractiveness of city municipalities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School , 2014. , 188 p.
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 097
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23753ISBN: 978-91-86345-52-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-23753DiVA: diva2:715468
Public defence
2014-05-23, B1014 at JIBS, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-05-05 Last updated: 2014-05-05Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Market reach for retail services
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Market reach for retail services
2014 (English)In: The Review of Regional Studies, ISSN 0048-749X, Vol. 44, no 2, 153-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Retail is concentrated in areas where demand is high. A measure of market potential can be used to calculate place-specific demand for retail services. The effect of distance on market potential depends on the willingness of consumers to travel for the products they purchase. The spatial reach of demand is frequently operationalized using a distance-decay function. The purpose of this paper is to estimate such distance-decay functions for different branches of the retail sector. The paper uses spatial data from the Stockholm region in Sweden. The results indicate that, in line with theory, there are indeed differences in the distance decay of demand among retail subsectors.

Keyword
retail, market potential, distance decay
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23749 (URN)2-s2.0-84931062868 (Scopus ID)
Note

Included in thesis in a manuscript version

Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-05-05 Last updated: 2015-09-28Bibliographically approved
2. Location and co-location in retail: a probabilistic approach using geo-coded data for metropolitan retail markets
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Location and co-location in retail: a probabilistic approach using geo-coded data for metropolitan retail markets
2014 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 52, no 2, 385-408 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we employ geo-coded data at a fine spatial resolution for Sweden’s metropolitan areas to assess retail co-location. Retail clusters and their place in urban space are assessed from several angles. The probability of a specific type of retail unit to be established in a 250 by 250 m square is modelled as a function of (i) the presence of other similar retail establishments, (ii) the presence of stores that belong to other retail sectors and (iii) other characteristics of the square area, and its access to demand in the pertinent urban landscape. The analysis clarifies which types of retail clusters one can expect to find in a metropolitan region, as well as their relationship to the urban landscape. We analyse three distinct types of stores: clothing, household appliances, and specialized stores. Stores with high intensities of interaction are co-located, and predominantly located close to the urban cores, consistent with predictions from bid rent theory and central place theory. We further document negative location tendencies between shops that sell frequently purchased products and shops that sell durables. Moreover, our results highlight the importance of demand in the close surroundings, which is particularly strong for small-scale establishments.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23748 (URN)10.1007/s00168-014-0591-7 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-05-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. Retail Productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Retail Productivity: The effects of market size and regional hierarchy
2016 (English)In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

How important is regional hierarchy for retailers’ productivity? This paper investigates the determinants of independent retailers’ productivity in Sweden between 2002 and 2008 with respect to market size and regional hierarchy. Using an accessible market potential approach, the impact of the potential demand in close proximity, and in the region is investigated separately for stores in central and peripheral retail markets. The findings suggest that the market size in close proximity has a higher impact on the productivity of stores located in central markets, whereas the market potential in the region has similar productivity returns for both stores in central markets and stores in non-central markets.

National Category
Economic Geography Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23750 (URN)10.1111/pirs.12268 (DOI)2-s2.0-85002962094 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-05-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
4. Retail City: The Relationship between Place Attractiveness and Accessibility to Shops
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Retail City: The Relationship between Place Attractiveness and Accessibility to Shops
2017 (English)In: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 12, no 1, 72-91 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Retail city: the relationship between place attractiveness and accessibility to shops. Spatial Economic Analysis. This paper explores the role of retailers as an urban amenity. Using data for Swedish rural and city municipalities for 2002–08, ‘accessibility-to-shops’ measures are constructed for the shops in the municipalities and the hosting regions separately to examine the relationship between consumption possibilities and place attractiveness in a spatial continuum. Place attractiveness is proxied by a Q ratio for Swedish housing investment based on Tobin’s Q. Access to stores within municipal market boundaries is found to be relevant for the place attractiveness of city municipalities, whereas no such relationship is evident for rural municipalities.

Abstract [zh]

零售城市:地方吸引力与商店可及性之间的关联性。 Spatial Economic Analysis. 本文探讨零售业作為城市设施的角色。本文运用瑞典乡村和城市行政区自2002年至2008年的数据,分别建构在行政区和其所座落的区域中的商店之 “商店可及性” 方法,检视空间连续区中的消费可能性和地方吸引力之间的关联性。地方吸引力由根据托宾Q比率的瑞典住宅投资Q比率进行代理。研究发现,行政区市场边界中的商店可及性,与城市行政区的地方吸引力有关,而乡村行政区中则未发现此一关联性.

Abstract [fr]

Une ville de détail: le rapport entre l’attractivité d’un endroit et l’accessibilité aux magasins. Spatial Economic Analysis. Cet article cherche à examiner le rôle que jouent les détaillants comme équipement urbain. Employant des données auprès des municipalités rurales et urbaines en Suède pour la période allant de 2002 jusqu’à 2008, on construit séparément des mesures de ‘l’accessibilité aux magasins’ pour les magasins situés dans les municipalités et dans les régions d’accueil afin d’examiner le rapport entre les possibilités de consommation et l’attractivité d’un endroit le long d’un continuum spatial. L’attractivité d’un endroit est représentée par un ratio Q pour l’investissement dans le logement en Suède basé sur le Q de Tobin. Il s’avère que l’accès aux magasins au sein des limites des marchés municipaux a un rapport avec l’attractivité des municipalités urbaines, tandis qu’il n’existe aucun rapport quant aux municipalités rurales.

Abstract [es]

Ciudad minorista: la relación entre el atractivo del lugar y la accesibilidad a los comercios. Spatial Economic Analysis. En este artículo se analiza el papel de los minoristas como amenidad urbana. A partir de datos de municipios rurales y urbanos de Suecia entre 2002 y 2008, se realizan por separado mediciones sobre la ‘accesibilidad de las tiendas’ para los comercios de los municipios y las regiones anfitrionas para examinar la relación entre las posibilidades de consumo y el atractivo del lugar en un entorno espacial. El atractivo del lugar está representado por un cociente Q para la inversión sueca en vivienda basada en la Q de Tobin. Se observa que el acceso a los comercios dentro de los límites de los mercados municipales es relevante al atractivo del lugar de los municipios urbanos, mientras que esta relación no es evidente en los municipios rurales.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keyword
housing, urban amenities, retail, Q theory, regional hierarchy, 住宅, 城市设施, 零售, Q理论, 区域阶层, logement, équipements urbains, commerce de détail, théorie du Q, hiérarchie régionale, vivienda, amenidades urbanas, minorista, teoría de Q, jerarquía regional
National Category
Business Administration Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23751 (URN)10.1080/17421772.2017.1265663 (DOI)000395034000005 ()2-s2.0-85009478218 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-05-05 Last updated: 2017-04-21Bibliographically approved

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